Category Archives: GNOME

Fedora 15 with Gnome 3.0

best Gnome 3 Distro

Gnome 3.0 or Gnome shell has released few months ago, with a lot of new/exciting features and amazing experience. Gnome 3.0 claims to be the next generation desktop because of its innovative way the user interacts with the desktop. That’s why Gnome3 has been developed from scratched instead of just appending some features in existing versions (2.*).

So there is nothing wrong in thinking that – Gnome 3 is just a preview of the next generation (upcoming) desktop (that you will notice in most of the Linux based Distributions) ; Fedora and OpenSuse is already using it in its new versions, while Gnome 3 can also be installed on Ubuntu 11.04 but the experience isn’t enjoyable with Ubuntu (because the PPA used for installing Gnome 3 is very unstable and often crashes Unity ..and eventually your desktop would become unusable).

gnome3-on-fedora15

Best Gnome 3 Distro : Fedora 15

Fedora 15 (Code Named as Lovelock) was released a months ago with a lot of changes and surprises – Gnome 3 as the default desktop was the greatest one! Fedora is a free and open source Linux based operating system, and it’s the core of the most popular open source OS – Red Hat. Fedora strictly follow open source principles so it is considered as 100% free and open source Linux distro. A lot of good apps and large community supports are available. Fedora itself is a rock solid and stable operating system even though it has very high release frequency (similar to Ubuntu, but Ubuntu is very buggy and unstable as compared to Fedora). Fedora is often the most popular choice as a desktop OS among the enthusiastic GNU/Linux users (with some experience).

Download Fedora 15

Alternate Option

Other Distro You may Try is OpenSuse although OpenSuse is more suitable in Office Environment but If can’t wait to try Gnome 3.0 and fedora seems a hard choice for you (I mean, you are an absolute GNU/Linux user) then better go with OpenSuse (latest version 11.4 has a lot of remarkable features and Fun!).

UPDATE 1 : Ubuntu 11.10 is out now and Gnome 3 experience seems to be better with it .. if you may want to install Ubuntu 11.10 or install gnome 3 on Ubuntu 11.10 (if you’re already using it).

gnome-3-snapshot

how to install GNOME 3 on Ubuntu 11.04

GNOME 3 had finally released, few week s ago, in the beginning (on April 6, 2011) of this month. As usual, we expected a lot of new innovative features from GNOME community, So let’s evaluate what we got. Yesterday I installed, gnome 3.0 on my desktop (Running Ubuntu 11.04 and 10.10 in dual boot mode), and now I’m using it. If you are an Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) or 10.04 (Lucid Lynx) user, then better go here – install gnome 3 on Ubuntu 10.10/10.04 , because the PPA (Personal Package Archives) for both the versions are different.

In this post, I’ll explain how to install Gnome 3.0 on Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal), because it uses ‘Unity’ desktop by default, which you may not like (probably due to the fact that We (Ubuntu Users) are using GNOME from years, and want to stick with it, ..and of course GNOME 3 is Great! atleast you should give it a try, even though you are a ‘Unity’ lover).

gnome-3-snapshot

Few words about : GNOME 3, The Next Generation Desktop

GNOME 3.0 has been designed and developed from scratch instead of developing it on the top of existing versions (just adding some functionality to Gnome 2.3). it seems robust,fast and good looking. The usability factor is also very high as compare to previous versions, the navigation (e.g switching from one window to other) is much simpler, efficient and quick. You don’t need any maximize and minimize buttons, and you can divide the desktop in to partition (Then work independently on both the side) with a single click. In Gnome 3, workspace can be created and deleted in a single click, (Unlike 2.3 where you had to define the number of desktop, then switching between them is so boring and difficult).

Finally I can say that – Gnome 3.0 is great! because it’s something that we can call a next generation Desktop but it has a lot of negative points too. First of all, it is extremely unstable; I don’t think that’s the problem of Gnome, all open source software suffers from this problem because most of them are suffering from “high – version release frequency” problem (I mean they release a lot of buggy versions with minor improvements which often causes instability and so not suitable for productive environment). Let me explain it through a simple example – I am an Ubuntu user, and currently using the stable version of Ubuntu let say X.04 (possibly released on Nov 200X). Initially a lot of bugs were there and most of them got fixed; I have customized the desktop I wanted and enjoying learning/working/programming with Ubuntu X.04. Oh.. suddenly I heard that – version X.10 is coming with a lot of charming and exciting features. Within a few months (probably in April 200X+1 ) the next version X.10 got released..and I couldn’t stop myself by installing the new version. That set, Again the same thing repeats as happened with its previous version, until the next version possibly Y.04 arrives (where Y=X+1). That’s where most of the open source software sucks. I personally, just don’t like (I should say ‘hate’ but that’s the word which is not in my dictionary :) ) Unity Desktop, KDE is too complicated/heavy, and Gnome is something I really like but it’s next version 3.0 is available only for Fedora and OpenSuse. So I’ve been using Gnome 2.3 from last few days ..and I think it will be continued until Ubuntu 11.10. $whereami ? Let’s come to our point.

Installing GNOME 3 on Ubuntu 11.04

Open Terminal ( Default shortcut is : CTRL+ALT+T ) and Type the following commands (Make sure that you haven’t opened Ubuntu Software Center or Synaptic Package Manager while installing package from the command line).

Update 1 : (I forgot to include the warning message regarding the Gnome 3 installation).

Warning : Installing Gnome 3.0 on Ubuntu 11.04 using this PPA, will break Unity and your system might become unusable.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell
Then Restart your computer; select the GNOME 3 desktop at login prompt (Default is Ubuntu, which means Unity).
Update 2 :

How to Remove/uninstall Gnome 3 from Ubuntu 11.04

Type this simple command at terminal if you want to roll back to previous state..
sudo ppa-purge ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3
gnome3-on-ubuntu

how to install Gnome 3 on ubuntu 10.10-10.04

GNOME 3, the latest stable version of GNOME Desktop, has released with a lot of changes and improvements. Ubuntu 11.04 has shifted to another default desktop (developed by Canonical, although gnome is installed, and you can select it, in the login window), while 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) and 10.04(Lucid Lynx) has gnome by default.

GNOME 3 has completely different look and feel than its predecessor version 2.32. GNOME is the most popular desktop, used by most of the popular Linux Distributions – like Ubuntu, Fedora, Debian etc. GNOME also provides some basic applications and utilities. GNOME 3 has been developed from the scratch, so you can expect a lot of features and functionality in the completely new environment.

Due to some innovative features and look, it claims to be ‘The Next Generation Desktop’. On Ubuntu 10.04 or 10.10 , you can either install it from the command line or synaptic package manager, but be careful before installing it, be ready with a backup (because a lot of people has reported some problems, related to gnome 3 / Ubuntu). You can also download the *.ISO archive from the Gnome’s official website and install it, but officially it says only for Fedora and Open Suse, but I think , the package available for Fedora, might work with Ubuntu.

gnome3-on-ubuntu

Features of GNOME 3.0 at a Glance

  • Easier Window Management
  • Create workspaces easily
  • Faster Access to Applications
  • Less distraction during the work
  • Built in Messaging Features
  • charming look and design
  • Deeper hardware integration

Installing GNOME 3 in Ubuntu 10.04/10.10

#1 : Open synaptic package manager and add the PPA (Settings -> Repositories -> Other Softwares, then add the PPA given below ) for GNOME 3.

ppa:ubuntu-desktop/gnome3-builds

installing-gnome3-ubuntu

#2 : Then, update the repository packages (using Reload button).

#3 : Now search for gnome 3 package and install it.

From Command Line / Terminal

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-desktop/gnome3-builds
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install gnome-desktop3
Macbuntu Theme

cool Ubuntu themes

Ubuntu(for all versions – 10.04(Lucid Lynx)/10.10(Maverick Meerkat) or the upcoming version 11.04(Natty Narwhal) with classic desktop selected at login menu,because Ubuntu 11.04 uses Unity desktop, by default) uses GNOME Desktop as the default Window Manager.

GNOME is the most popular(of course it’s free and open source) desktop for Linux Distributions, probably due to its(GNOME) flexibility and the desktop components (Themes, Icons, GDM, Window Managers provided by Compiz, Emerald, Metacity etc.) available freely on the Internet (so you can customize the desktop as you want, the Only limit is your Imagination Power).

There are lot of free, Awesome and cool GNOME themes available on the Web, so lets(I change/rotate my theme at least once a week) try something new,something different, because we are Humans, and of course – Linux users, so picky (because we have always a lot of options available for a single task). Since I am listing the themes for gnome desktop so most of the themes will not only work on Ubuntu but also on other Linux Distros,which uses GNOME as their default desktop e.g Linux Mint, Fedora, Debian etc. Finally here is my all time favorite(and great) collection of 10 cool Ubuntu Themes(I assume you are using GNOME Desktop) –

Great collection of 10 Cool Ubuntu Themes

#1 : Macbuntu

cool-Ubuntu-themes1 - macbuntu

Download

Installing Macbuntu is easy but(may be not) if are you an absolute beginner, in that case – the given link may help you in installing macbuntu on Ubuntu 10.10.

#2 : Orta

cool-themes2-orta

Download

#3 : Victory(Strikes Again)

cool-themes3-victory

Download

#4 : myDesk

cool-themes4-myDesk

Download

#5 : Wolfe

cool-themes5-wolfe

Download

#6 : Equinox Evolution

cool-themes6-equinox

Download

#7 : HalfLook

cool-themes7-halflook

Download

#8 : Wildcat

cool-themes8-wildcat

Download

#9 : Simply Basic II

cool-themes9-simply

Download

#10 : Mint-X DarkPanel

cool-themes10-mintx

Download

How to install those cool and great looking themes on Ubuntu

#1 : Download the theme packages, that you want to install(link is given above,below each theme)

#2 : get the *.tar.gz package,if it is compressed in any other format.

#3 : Now move on to –  System->Preferences->Appearance  then Drag the theme package(*.tar.gz) and drop it to theme tab in the Appearance window. That’s All ..

The Themes, I have described above, implies my choice ..what is your favorite Ubuntu Theme ? We would be thankful if you share your experience/choice through Comments.
docky-on-ubuntu

best dock for ubuntu 10.10/11.04

Dock is one of the most popular graphical element, commonly used for interacting with currently running programs, launching/monitoring Applications,etc with a lot of Fun. The dock available in Mac OS X has become the most successful dock ever(Although it is different point that Mac is better in look only, not performance(Ubuntu is far better!)). it is usually implemented in the form of charming icons located at the bottom/top of screen with some funky effects.

Best Open Source Dock for Ubuntu : Docky

GNOME Do has created an open source equivalent of dock(in other words docky is a front end of Gnome Do) and its new name is ‘Docky’, “The Finest Dock that no Money can buy” ; for Linux based operating system like Ubuntu 11.04/10.10/10.04,Fedora,Open Suse,Debian or Linux Mint. Docky is free and open source Application for All common Desktops like GNOME and KDE. The latest stable version of docky is 2.0.7. So docky is the best free dock for Linux Distributions (Distros).

Ubuntu 10.10(Maverick Meerkat)/10.04 (Lucid Lynx) LTS(or earlier version) uses GNOME as their default desktop manager so you can install GNOME Do – Docky either from Ubuntu Software Center or Synaptic Package Manager or from terminal. If you are using Ubuntu 11.04 then then first you need to run GNOME Panel (The Classical Ubuntu Desktop) because Ubuntu 11.04(Natty Narwhal) uses Natty Desktop by default.

docky-on-ubuntu

The snapshot you see above, was captured on Ubuntu 10.10, with some 3D effects enabled. The important features of Docky can be summarized as –

  • Simple and powerful
  • Easy to use with Nice GUI/Icons
  • Drag and Drop(items to the docky) features
  • Window Indicator
  • Parabolic Zoom
  • Smart Hiding Feature
  • Advanced Window Management Features

More details on its features,visit the official website. Here is another generic look of Docky on most of the desktop

docky

Installing Docky on Ubuntu 10.04/10.10/11.04

Open ubuntu Software Center and search for ‘docky’ and click on install button to install. You can also install docky from command line by typing the command (Followed by your Login Password)  mentioned below –

$ sudo apt-get install docky