Category Archives: Ubuntu 11.04

All about Ubuntu 11.04 – Natty Narwhal, Applications, Softwares, Tips and Tricks, How to guides.. and other stuffs related to Ubuntu 11.04.

kde-desktop-logo

how to install KDE on Ubuntu 11.04

kde-desktop-logo KDE ( K – Desktop Environment) is one of the most popular open source (KDE is released under LGPL) Desktop preferred by a vast majority of Linux users. Ubuntu releases special – dedicated edition with KDE desktop and named as – KUbuntu. KDE is free for all users, it doesn’t only provides the Desktop environment but also a lot of useful KDE based applications. KDE is based on Qt Framework. The latest version is 4.6.

Canonical has made Unity, the default desktop in Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal), and a lot of Ubuntu fans are upset about this, because They wanted to use GNOME 3.0 instead of Unity. Unfortunately the stable PPA isn’t available currently (Although in next version of Ubuntu, i.e 11.10, Gnome 3.0 will be installed by default) although you can install Gnome 3.0 Desktop/shell on Ubuntu 11.04 through PPA (Unstable), which will break the Unity; so it’s not recommended in general. In this article, you will learn how to install KDE 4.6 desktop on Ubuntu 11.04, from command Line or Synaptic Package Manager. A lot of popular Distribution uses KDE – e.g Open Suse, Linux Mint, Backtrack 4 (A dedicated Linux desktop for cyber security professionals or Ethical Hackers).

kde-desktop-4-6-snapshot

Installing KDE Desktop on Ubuntu 11.04

#1 : Open Synaptic Package Manager and search for ‘kde desktop’, then select the package(by checking the small square box) you want to install – KDE base or minimal or full depending on your need.If you also want to try some KDE Apps, then try full or just select standard package.

Installing KDE on Ubuntu 11.04

#2 : Then click on Apply button to begin installation procedure and …Wait for the installation to complete.

#3 : That’s all..

Alternative Way to install kde

Open Terminal and type the following commands (followed by your login password)

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install kde-standard

Login to KDE Desktop

Now, if you want to use KDE desktop, then logout from the current session and select KDE desktop in the login prompt (A menu appears in bottom center for the desktop selection), and login to enjoy.

desktop-configuration-editor

Top 10 Tips and Tricks for Ubuntu 11.04

Ubuntu 11.04 – Natty Narwhal is out now!, After fresh installation of Ubuntu 11.04, you need to install some basic application and packages to make your system usable, although some nice Apps are installed by default. In this post, you will get some basic and cool tips and tricks, for Ubuntu 11.04, and I assume that ‘it will be helpful for beginner, who has just installed the Ubuntu and wondering – what should I do now? how will I do that in Ubuntu?’, Relax.. everything is simple . if you have any problem/question or you want to recommend something then reply through comments.

Ubuntu 11.04 is a free and open source – Linux Based Distribution, developed for common desktop users. I’ve more than two years of experience with Ubuntu (Since version 9.04). Few days before I’d installed the fresh stable version of Ubuntu 11.04, and finally prepared a list of few tips ‘n’ tricks that may help you in understanding, exploring and customizing Ubuntu as you wanted. Here is my favorite – and probably the best Tips ‘n’ tricks for a novice Ubuntu 11.04 users –

Top 10 collection of cool Tips ‘n’ Tricks for Ubuntu 11.04 users :

#1 : Remove Hard Drive Partition/Volume Icons from Desktop

Open Configuration Editor – hit ALT+F2 , then type gconf-editor and hit Enter. Then go to apps -> nautilus -> desktop and simply uncheck (select the row by double clicking on it) the box that says ‘Volumes Visible’. That’s all you will notice the instant effect, Then just close the window and Enjoy! Your Desktop looks much better now, due to removal of cluttered – drive icons.

desktop-configuration-editor

#2 : Mount Drives automatically when your computer starts

If you are using Ubuntu along with Windows in dual boot mode, then you may need to access NTFS partition frequently, so it’s not a bad idea to enable auto-mount of hard drive at system startup. PySDM is a simple ‘storage device manager’ application (based on PyGTK)  that allows full customization of hard drive mount points. To install you can search for ‘pysdm’ in synaptic package manager or Type the following command(s) given below – at Terminal (CTRL+ALT+T) :

sudo apt-get install pysdm

storage-device-manager

Then open it from Applications -> System -> Storage Device Manager or simply search for it. Now you are ready to customize it – just select the drive or partitions and click on mount or any other options that you want to configure. Be careful, while tempering with your hard drive, a silly mistake might piss you off.

#3 : Aero Glass Effect in Window Border

translucent Window in Ubuntu 11.04

You just need to enable metacity opacity (by default opacity value is equal to one, Make it translucent by decreasing its value, less than .7 to get effective level of translucency) settings from the configuration settings. Again, open gconf-editor (hit ALT+F2 , type gconf-editor and press Enter)  and go to Apps ->gwd and double click on metacity_theme_opacity row, then change its value (1) to .7 or .5 (something less than 1).

gwd

#4 : Try Gnome 3 / Gnome Shell

Gnome 3 (The Next Generation of Desktop) is available through PPA (Personal Package Archive), although if you will install Gnome 3 on Ubuntu 11.04 – Natty Narwhal , then your Unity would break and this process is irreversible , so think once! before you do that.

gnome-3-snapshot

#5 : Switch to classic Gnome 2.3 desktop

Probably, Many of us do not like Unity Desktop, don’t worry, you can use your favorite classic desktop – ‘Gnome 2.3’ on Ubuntu 11.04 without any problem, it is installed by default. You just need to select the classic desktop option at login prompt, to run Gnome Desktop.

#6 : Install Cool Faenza Icons

Don’t you like cool icons on your desktop, I think so (with the Assumption that you are a Human! :)). Install Faenza icons from the command line – Then select it from Theme customize options (Appearance -> Themes, then customize any theme to use Faenza Icons and save the theme).

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tiheum/equinox
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install faenza-icon-theme

faenza-icons-snapshot

#7 : Unlock Root in GUI mode

Although it’s not required because you can do the administrative task using sudo command, but – just for fun! if you want to enjoy root power in GUI mode then there is a simple trick to unlock root in Ubuntu 11.04. But you have to be – very careful while using Ubuntu as root, because a small mistake may break the system.

#8 : Tweak Ubuntu 11.04 settings as you want

Ubuntu is a free and open source OS, so it’s 100% customizable. If you want to tweak ubuntu settings then use some tools/utility like Ubuntu Tweak for customizing Ubuntu 11.04. Ubuntu Tweak (a free and open source application) will allow you to configure Ubuntu in easy way.

how-to-tweak-ubuntu 11.04

#9 : Configure Boot options – Grub

Install a simple utility –  StartUp Manager, to customize the GRUB and splash screens, in GUI mode. The command is –

sudo apt-get install startupmanager

startup-manager

#10 : Move the Windows buttons to Right Corner

Moving button to right

If you have the habit of using Maximize, Minimize and Close buttons in Right Corner, then you should change default windows button layout of Ubuntu 11.04. Open gconf-editor (hit ALT+F2 and enter ‘gconf-editor’) and go to apps -> Metacity -> General and select button layout field (Double click on the row) and change the default value to –

menu:maximize,minimize,close

netbeans-snapshot

how to install NetBeans IDE on Ubuntu 11.04

NetBeans is one of the most popular Integrated Development Environment ( IDE , which provides a set of tools and features to speed up the development process, so helpful in boosting productivity of programmers). Netbeans is a free and open source Application, available for all common platforms – Linux Distors like Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal), Fedora, Linux Mint; Windows and Mac OS X. Netbeans 7.0 (Latest Stable Version) released a week ago. Netbeans is very popular among Java EE developers, because of its features and simplicity. This post will explain how to install netbeans on a freshly installed ubuntu 11.04, from USC (Ubuntu Software Center) or shell, you can also use Synaptic Package Manager.

You can also Try Eclipse IDE on Ubuntu 11.04, if you want, as Eclipse is another very popular open source IDE, but Netbeans is recommended, for beginner programmers because it’s very simple, lightweight and easy to start. A lot of free plugins are available to extend the features (support for Ruby and Rails, C/C++, PHP etc) of Netbeans IDE. I , personally don’t recommend IDE to beginner programmers, because of the fact that – ‘IDE will hide a lot of things, by creating a layer of abstraction, that we should now’; when you are experienced enough to understand the underlying details, then go for an IDE like NetBeans or Eclipse. Nebeans got 4.5 out of 5.0 in software center rating.

netbeans-snapshot

Features of NetBeans at a Glance

  • good for java (EE features supported) programming
  • Glashfish Server 3.1 is supported
  • faster deployment with Weblogic
  • it’s very simple to use
  • all other basic features (e.g syntax coloring, Auto-completion) that you expect from an IDE

Installing NetBeans on Ubuntu 11.04

#1 : Open Ubuntu Software Center and search for ‘netbeans’.

installing-netbeans-on-ubuntu-11-04

#2 : Click on install button to start the installation procedure and wait for the installation to complete.

#3 : That’s all..Enjoy coding with Netbeans.

Alternative Way – installing NetBeans from Command Line

Open terminal and type the command, followed by your login password –

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install netbeans
unity-desktop-snapshot

how to install unity on Ubuntu 10.10-10.04

Unity is now the default shell interface used in Ubuntu 11.04, so Gnome is no more the default desktop on Ubuntu, but its applications are there. If you are using Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) or 10.04 (Lucid Lynx), then you may want to try Unity Desktop (shell). Unity has a lot of new and exciting features- so you must give it a try, if you don’t like it, then just come back to your favorite desktop – Gnome (2.3 or 3.0, Try Gnome 3 on Ubuntu 10.10-10.04) or KDE. Unity has a nice left panel bar, a launcher for your favorite Apps. Unity was first shipped with the Notebook edition (Now, desktop and notebook edition has been merged together, in version 11.04) of Ubuntu.

If you are using Ubuntu 10.10/10.04 for experimental purpose, then you can also try Ubuntu 11.04; on the other hand, just install Unity , with existing desktops like Gnome 2.3 or 3.0 or KDE. This post will explain, how to install Unity shell on Ubuntu 10.10 / 10.04 from command line (Don’t be panic, it’s a simple command, you just need to copy the command from this post and paste in terminal) /Shell.

unity-desktop-snapshot

Features of Unity

  • it’s simple to use
  • it has beautiful look and icons
  • Unity is specifically optimized for small and touch devices
  • A lot of 3D effects is enabled by default

Installing Unity on Ubuntu 10.10 – 10.04

Open Terminal (Hit CTRL+ALT+T) and type the following command(s), (followed by your login password; then enter yes, when you get an confirmation message).

sudo apt-get install unity

That’s All..Now, logout from the current session and select Unity desktop/shell at login prompt, and login again. Enjoy ..ubuntu with Unity..Let me know if you got any error while installing Unity, through comments.

ubuntu-11-04-snapshot

Ubuntu 11.04 – stable version has finally Released! Download now!

Ubuntu 11.04 – code named as Natty Narwhal, stable version has released today (few hours ago). Ubuntu 11.04 has arrived with a lot of surprises and features, the biggest one is that – The Default desktop is Natty not Gnome 3.0 (The Next Generation Desktop, If you want to try Gnome, then go here – install gnome 3 desktop on Ubuntu 11.04 ), although you can select Gnome classic version from the login menu, if you want. Ubuntu’s release cycle is very clear – Two major versions in a year x.04 and x.10 (probably, where x = ‘The last two digit of year’). Final version has released after some Alpha versions, followed by two beta version, eliminating the RC (Release Candidate) version, this time.

How to Get Ubuntu 11.04 ?

It is free and open source, download it and install on your computer, using USB or CD. If you want more help then follow this link – step by step guide for installing ubuntu 11.04 from USB or CD drive .

Download Ubuntu 11.04

Ubuntu 11.04 has shipped with Unity, but Gnome Applications are there. Most of the default applications are similar to its previous version – Ubuntu 10.10, just the interface seems different due to Unity. Here is the one snapshot, I have taken from my Desktop –

ubuntu-11-04-snapshot