Category Archives: Ubuntu 11.04

All about Ubuntu 11.04 – Natty Narwhal, Applications, Softwares, Tips and Tricks, How to guides.. and other stuffs related to Ubuntu 11.04.

gnome-3-snapshot

how to install GNOME 3 on Ubuntu 11.04

GNOME 3 had finally released, few week s ago, in the beginning (on April 6, 2011) of this month. As usual, we expected a lot of new innovative features from GNOME community, So let’s evaluate what we got. Yesterday I installed, gnome 3.0 on my desktop (Running Ubuntu 11.04 and 10.10 in dual boot mode), and now I’m using it. If you are an Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) or 10.04 (Lucid Lynx) user, then better go here – install gnome 3 on Ubuntu 10.10/10.04 , because the PPA (Personal Package Archives) for both the versions are different.

In this post, I’ll explain how to install Gnome 3.0 on Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal), because it uses ‘Unity’ desktop by default, which you may not like (probably due to the fact that We (Ubuntu Users) are using GNOME from years, and want to stick with it, ..and of course GNOME 3 is Great! atleast you should give it a try, even though you are a ‘Unity’ lover).

gnome-3-snapshot

Few words about : GNOME 3, The Next Generation Desktop

GNOME 3.0 has been designed and developed from scratch instead of developing it on the top of existing versions (just adding some functionality to Gnome 2.3). it seems robust,fast and good looking. The usability factor is also very high as compare to previous versions, the navigation (e.g switching from one window to other) is much simpler, efficient and quick. You don’t need any maximize and minimize buttons, and you can divide the desktop in to partition (Then work independently on both the side) with a single click. In Gnome 3, workspace can be created and deleted in a single click, (Unlike 2.3 where you had to define the number of desktop, then switching between them is so boring and difficult).

Finally I can say that – Gnome 3.0 is great! because it’s something that we can call a next generation Desktop but it has a lot of negative points too. First of all, it is extremely unstable; I don’t think that’s the problem of Gnome, all open source software suffers from this problem because most of them are suffering from “high – version release frequency” problem (I mean they release a lot of buggy versions with minor improvements which often causes instability and so not suitable for productive environment). Let me explain it through a simple example – I am an Ubuntu user, and currently using the stable version of Ubuntu let say X.04 (possibly released on Nov 200X). Initially a lot of bugs were there and most of them got fixed; I have customized the desktop I wanted and enjoying learning/working/programming with Ubuntu X.04. Oh.. suddenly I heard that – version X.10 is coming with a lot of charming and exciting features. Within a few months (probably in April 200X+1 ) the next version X.10 got released..and I couldn’t stop myself by installing the new version. That set, Again the same thing repeats as happened with its previous version, until the next version possibly Y.04 arrives (where Y=X+1). That’s where most of the open source software sucks. I personally, just don’t like (I should say ‘hate’ but that’s the word which is not in my dictionary :) ) Unity Desktop, KDE is too complicated/heavy, and Gnome is something I really like but it’s next version 3.0 is available only for Fedora and OpenSuse. So I’ve been using Gnome 2.3 from last few days ..and I think it will be continued until Ubuntu 11.10. $whereami ? Let’s come to our point.

Installing GNOME 3 on Ubuntu 11.04

Open Terminal ( Default shortcut is : CTRL+ALT+T ) and Type the following commands (Make sure that you haven’t opened Ubuntu Software Center or Synaptic Package Manager while installing package from the command line).

Update 1 : (I forgot to include the warning message regarding the Gnome 3 installation).

Warning : Installing Gnome 3.0 on Ubuntu 11.04 using this PPA, will break Unity and your system might become unusable.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell
Then Restart your computer; select the GNOME 3 desktop at login prompt (Default is Ubuntu, which means Unity).
Update 2 :

How to Remove/uninstall Gnome 3 from Ubuntu 11.04

Type this simple command at terminal if you want to roll back to previous state..
sudo ppa-purge ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3
how-to-tweak-ubuntu 11.04

How to tweak Ubuntu 11.04 : Install ‘Ubuntu Tweak’

Ubuntu 11.04 (code named as ‘Natty Narwhal’) or any other Linux distribution, isn’t so easy to configure/customize, for a windows guy. That’s where Ubuntu Tweak will help a lot, it makes Ubuntu customization much easier. Ubuntu 11.04 got new desktop – ‘Unity’ as the default desktop, which is probably difficult to customize as compared to Gnome 2.3 (or may be Gnome 3.0), that’s why this post will help you in installing that small application (or tool or utility) – ‘Ubuntu Tweak’ Latest version 0.5.10.

Ubuntu Tweak : Configure Ubuntu in much easier way

Ubuntu Tweak is a free and open source application, that will allow you to explore new options and settings in Ubuntu, that you don’t get with Default Desktop Environment (GNOME or Unity or KDE).

how-to-tweak-ubuntu 11.04

Important Features of Ubuntu Tweak

  • session control
  • easier management of startup programs
  • control login settings
  • power management settings
  • explore basic system information
  • configure compiz
  • panel configuration

Installing Ubuntu Tweak on Ubuntu 11.04

#1 : Download the Application – Ubuntu Tweak from it’s website.

Download Ubuntu Tweak

#2 : Install it by opening with Ubuntu Software Center (Right Click -> Select) or from Command Line. TO install from command line type –

sudo dpkg -i ubuntu-tweak_0.5.10-1_all.deb

#3 :That’s all..if any dependencies problem occurs, like python < 2.7, then reinstall the Python version >= 2.7.

Cheese Webcam Booth

Webcam Software for Ubuntu 11.04

Webcam or web Camera (Integrated with Laptop or Desktop Monitor or comes separately, usually connected via USB port). Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal) doesn’t include any default application for webcam. That’s why we need to install an application that will install the webcam drivers. If the webcam manufacturer provides teh driver software for Linux based OS like Ubuntu, then you won’t need to install any third party apps, but it’s not the case, they usually provides drivers just for Windows (or may be for Mac).

So, this post will explain about, a basic appsCheese, that you can use for capturing videos and pictures, on Ubuntu 11.04. Cheese is a great application, that allows you to take pictures (videos) with a lot of funny graphics effects. it’s a free and open source software; you can find it in package repository or Ubuntu Software Center. On the official website of cheese, it has indicated that – cheese requires Gstreamer and Gnome (version 2 or above), in order to work, but it works fine with Natty, if any problem occurs then switch to classic gnome desktop.

Cheese : Webcam Software for Ubuntu

Installing Cheese on Ubuntu 11.04

From Ubuntu Software Center

#1 : Open Ubuntu Software Center (Search in Top Left Menu or left icon panel) and search for ‘cheese’.

installing-cheese-on-ubuntu-11.04

#2 : Now click on install button to begin the installation procedure.Wait for the installation to complete.

#3 : That’s all..have Fun! with Cheese

From Terminal (Command Line)

Open Terminal/shell and enter the following command(s), followed by your password (I mean ubuntu login password) —

sudo apt-get install cheese
transmageddon-video-converter

Video Converter for Ubuntu 11.04

we uses a lot video file formats in our daily life, but probably with different devices (e.g ipod, PC, iPhone..), so the devices need the input files in specific formats (or in their native file formats), that’s where the video converters are required. Video Converter simply convert a video file format in to another video file format. so it acts like a format conversion tool.

On Ubuntu 11.04 (natty Narwhal), a lot of free and open source softwares are available in package repository but only few of them are quite usable. This post will explain about a simple video converter – ‘Transmageddon’ that you can find in Ubuntu Software Center, so the installation will be quite easy (Actually Installing Application or softwares in Ubuntu or most of the Linux Distribution, is very easy nowadays, Linux based Distros are becoming much user friendly due to the arrival of Ubuntu and Linux Mint).

Transmageddon – Video Converter for Ubuntu 11.04

Transmageddon is a video converter (of course it’s free and open source) specially developed for generating video file formats, for mobile devices. it’s very use, specify the input file and select the mobile device for which you want to generate output file. Most common supported video file formats are –

  • AVI
  • FLV
  • MP3
  • FLAC
  • Vorbis
  • DivX5
  • MPEG 4
  • Quick Time

Installing Transmageddon Video Transcoder/Converter on Ubuntu 11.04

#1  : Open Ubuntu Software Center and search for ‘transmageddon’ or ‘video converter’.

transmageddon-video-converter

#2 : Select Transmageddon from the search result.

#3 : click on install button (Enter the login password, if required) and wait for the installation to complete.

Transmageddon Video Converter

installing-adobe-reader

how to install Adobe reader in ubuntu 11.04

Adobe Reader (Formerly known as Acrobat Reader) is one of the most popular pdf reader. Adobe Reader is a freeware Application developed and maintained by Adobe Systems. Adobe Reader is primarily used in the reading and printing PDF (portable document format) Files (Although it as some pdf creation functionality, but it can be neglected in general).

Ubuntu 11.04 (alias : Natty Narwhal) has ‘Document Viewer’ installed by default, which is sufficient for viewing pdf documents or ebooks. But it’s a very basic application, so it doesn’t have any advanced features. That’s why you want to go for some third party PDF readers like Adobe Reader or Foxit Reader. Here I’ll explain about Adobe PDF Reader. Adobe reader has improved its user interface, now it’s much simple to use and navigate. The application startup time has also been reduced and some security features has been integrated in the latest version. The overall performance has improved.

Installing Adobe Reader from Synaptic Package Manager

#1 : First, open synaptic package manager and click on Settings -> Repositories -> Other Software and check all the boxes (basically two upper boxes, because rest of them would be already checked) to add those software sources.

installing-adobe-reader

#2 : Now,click on Reload button, to update package information in the repository.

#3 : Then search for ‘adobe reader’ and select the packages, you want to install, then click on Apply button to begin the installation procedure, wait until the installation is completed.

install-adobe-reader-on-ubuntu 11.04

#4 : That’s All..you are done! Open it from the Main Menu and you can stuck it to the left icon panel (Right click on icon and select ‘Keep in Launcher’).

Installing from command line

After adding the software resources in step #1, you can skip above steps and install adobe pdf reader in one single command (you may have to enter your login password(if you haven’t entered recently at command prompt) ) –

 sudo apt-get install acroread

adobe reader on ubuntu 11.04