Tag Archives: archive

tar.gz

how to install tar.gz or tar.bz2 files/packages in ubuntu

If you’ve been using Ubuntu for a while then you might noticed that ‘all applications do not come with a native debian package (installer.deb), in that case you will have to install the application from the archive or the source code itself’. Installing packages from source code is not so difficult, in fact it’s quite easy; all you need is some build tools (e.g make) and what ? nothing.. just relax (Oh! you should at least know how to execute commands in terminal, if you don’t, then – Learn basic Linux Commands from Google Code University (it’s free and openly available for all) and come back here to begin).

In this article you are going to learn about installing applications from tar.gz or tar.bz2 packages (commonly called as tarball), in few simple steps, on Ubuntu [11.04/11.10/10.10/10.04…] (Although it should also work on other Linux distributions such as Linux Mint, Fedora, OpenSuse, Debian, CentOS etc with little or no change). Before moving to the actual steps first let me explain you little about tar files. tar (name comes from tape archive) is a file format as well as the name of program which handles compression/decompression of those formats. GNU tar is the default application in most of the Linux based operating systems including Ubuntu. Tar is typically used with some compression/decompression software such as gzip or bzip2.tar.gz

tar.gz is the most commonly used archive format for distributing source code for open source softwares, tar.bz2 archive is also used in the same way (Firefox uses bz2 format). How the packages will be installed it varies according to the application but a common/generic steps would include –

Installing tar.gz/tar.bz2 packages in Ubuntu

step #1 : After you got the source code, extract it, using following commands (it will extract it in the same directory)

for tar.gz type :

tar -xvzf source_code.tar.gz

for tar.bz2 type :

tar -jxvf source_code.tar.bz2

step #2 : Move to the directory, Read the readme file to go further (if necessary). Some applications may have installation script such as install.sh or something like that, you just need to execute that script using

cd source_code

./install.sh

command. If it’s the source code then you may need to first configure it by using the command –

./configure

step #3 : Now use a build automation tools such as make to create executable from the source code; it scans makefiles to get instruction on how to derive target file.

make

step #4 : Now install the application using the command (followed by your login password) –

sudo make install

Recommended Reading(s)

  • GNU Tar – Official website contains more details about the tar although you can also use tar --help command from your terminal for quick help.
  • Make – Wikipedia page explains about the build automation tools make.
installing rar-tools-ubuntu-11-04

How to Open RAR File on Ubuntu 11.04

Ubuntu 11.04 (Code named as ‘Natty Narwhal’) has some good applications, installed by default but still a lot of apps isn’t, due to some licensing problem. RAR (short for Roshal ARchive, a proprietary archive file format ) compression tool is a shareware software, that’s why it’s not installed by default.

Ubuntu 11.04 has support for some common compressed files formats like tar, bz2, gz, zip etc, but not for rar. So if you will try to open a ‘file_name.rar’ file, then an error message will be displayed saying that – ‘File Format Not Supported!’. That’s why, you need to install RAR Compression/uncompression tool. You can install it from command line or Ubuntu Software Center or Synaptic Package Manager.

Installing RAR compression/uncompression Tool from Ubuntu Software Center

#1 : open Ubuntu Software Center (from the left icon panel) and search for ‘rar’.

installing rar-tools-ubuntu-11-04

#2 : Then click on install button to install the rar package.

#3 : That’s All..wait until the installation is complete. Then right click on the file, and extract it or just double click or select extract here to begin the uncompression process.

gmount-iso image mounting in ubuntu

How to Mount CD-DVD ISO Image in Ubuntu 10.04

ISO image is actually an archive file of an optical disc with ISO 9660 file system(UDF file system is also supported with ISO image),so it is also known as CD image or DVD image or Disc image.ISO image files have an extension of .iso which contains merged files in uncompressed state.By using software or tools you can easily mount the ISO images on your computer.On Ubuntu 10.04 there is one such tool – Gmount-iso.

Gmount-iso

Gmount-iso is a simple and Light application written in PyGTK and Glade.It is aimed to make the iso image mounting process much easier.Actually it is a front-end application of linux command that is used to mount iso images.The command is

mount -o loop -t iso9660 image_name.iso /mountpoint

gmount-iso image mounting in ubuntu

Install Gmount-iso on Ubuntu

installing gmount on ubuntu 10.04

1. Open Ubuntu Software Center from Applications or Ubuntu Control Center.

2. Then,search for “gmount” and click on install.

3. Wait for installing process to complete,it will take less than a minute.

4. To start mounting iso images open Gmount from Applications->System Tools->Gmount-iso.

Conclusion : Gmount-iso is a very small application with few basic features,for more advanced features you can use Daemon Tools but currently it is available For Microsoft Windows only.