Tag Archives: desktop environment

kde-desktop-logo

how to install KDE on Ubuntu 11.04

kde-desktop-logo KDE ( K – Desktop Environment) is one of the most popular open source (KDE is released under LGPL) Desktop preferred by a vast majority of Linux users. Ubuntu releases special – dedicated edition with KDE desktop and named as – KUbuntu. KDE is free for all users, it doesn’t only provides the Desktop environment but also a lot of useful KDE based applications. KDE is based on Qt Framework. The latest version is 4.6.

Canonical has made Unity, the default desktop in Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal), and a lot of Ubuntu fans are upset about this, because They wanted to use GNOME 3.0 instead of Unity. Unfortunately the stable PPA isn’t available currently (Although in next version of Ubuntu, i.e 11.10, Gnome 3.0 will be installed by default) although you can install Gnome 3.0 Desktop/shell on Ubuntu 11.04 through PPA (Unstable), which will break the Unity; so it’s not recommended in general. In this article, you will learn how to install KDE 4.6 desktop on Ubuntu 11.04, from command Line or Synaptic Package Manager. A lot of popular Distribution uses KDE – e.g Open Suse, Linux Mint, Backtrack 4 (A dedicated Linux desktop for cyber security professionals or Ethical Hackers).

kde-desktop-4-6-snapshot

Installing KDE Desktop on Ubuntu 11.04

#1 : Open Synaptic Package Manager and search for ‘kde desktop’, then select the package(by checking the small square box) you want to install – KDE base or minimal or full depending on your need.If you also want to try some KDE Apps, then try full or just select standard package.

Installing KDE on Ubuntu 11.04

#2 : Then click on Apply button to begin installation procedure and …Wait for the installation to complete.

#3 : That’s all..

Alternative Way to install kde

Open Terminal and type the following commands (followed by your login password)

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install kde-standard

Login to KDE Desktop

Now, if you want to use KDE desktop, then logout from the current session and select KDE desktop in the login prompt (A menu appears in bottom center for the desktop selection), and login to enjoy.

best-linux-desktop-gnome

best Linux Desktop Environment

A number of Linux based operating systems are available with a lot of Desktop Environments. So what is the best Linux desktop environment ? ,well it is not an easy question to answer, but this post might help you in deciding ‘what is best for you?’. It depends on a lot of factors, like – your system’s hardware configuration,nature of task performed,…and of course the personal choice is the dominant factor.

The most popular desktops include – GNOME, KDE, XFCE, and LXDE (Arranged in the decreasing order of popularity). Most of the Linux Distribution uses GNOME as a default desktop e.g Fedora,Ubuntu,Debian,Linux Mint etc. KDE (Initially called as K Desktop Environment) is used by Open Suse ,Kubuntu etc. as default desktop. XFCE and LXDE are light weight and fast desktop environment ; specially useful for users who uses old computer(The computer with fewer resources e.g 256 MB RAM,no graphics card etc).

What is Desktop in Linux.. (based OS) ?

Desktop Environment(DE) , or Desktop is the style of GUI(Graphical User Interface) , runs on the top of operating system; the user interface which allows the users to perform the common tasks like execution of application,modification of OS features etc in a graphical environment. The common actions are click,drag and drop , by which a user control the os. Some of the features are still not available through GUI, in that case CLI(Command Line Interface) is the only choice. Desktop Environment relies on Windows managers,which controls the placement and appearance(or look) of window within a windowing system.

GNOME  : The Best Linux Desktop Environment

best-linux-desktop-gnome

GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment)  is the most popular desktop environment among the Linux users. it is open source and available free for all. it has no dependencies on any proprietary libraries unlike the other popular Desktop KDE ; made entirely on free and open source softwares(FOSS). GNOME is based on  GTK+ , a cross platform widget toolkit, used to create graphical interfaces.

Why GNOME is Best ?

#1 : Simplicity : it is simple to use and explore regardless of whether the user is technical or not.

#2 : Freedom : Gnome is available free and licensed under GNU GPL/LGPL i.e it’s an open source software,so you are allowed to use,modify or distribute the software as you want.

#3 : Appearance and Performance : The appearance of the gnome desktop is very appealing due to the availability of a lot of themes,icons etc. The performance is very high and it can be optimized in multiple ways. There is good balanced between the performance and appearance in Gnome; KDE desktop also have nice appearance but it is very heavy and performance is poor as compared to Gnome.

#4 : Extensibility : The structure of GNOME is very modular, so it is highly extensible i.e a extra features can be added in lot of ways.e.g Instead of the default window manager(Metacity) , compiz can be used to provide some 3D effects in GUI; The default theme (currently the default theme is Clearlooks) can be configured in the way you want. So you can make your Ubuntu look like a Mac OS X or Windows Vista/7/XP just  by installing some extra packages.

#5 : Accessibility : it can be used by anyone regardless of experience or physical circumstances/limitations.

#6 : Support : Along with the built in support(with GNOME), a number of online community and forums are available to explore and troubleshoot the common problems; to help the beginner users.

The latest stable version is Gnome vs 2.32 and the upcoming version – Gnome vs 3.0 will be released in April 2011. The official website of the GNOME is http://www.gnome.org/. Look at the snapshot below – a preview of gnome version 3.0 .

gnome-3-snapshot

Update

Gnome 3 or Gnome shell has released with a lot of new exciting features with totally different look and feel, available for Open Suse and Fedora. Ubuntu users can install gnome using PPA although it is very unstable now, but we can expect Gnome 3.0 as a desktop, in next major release of Ubuntu i.e Ubuntu 11.10.

how to install KDE in ubuntu 10.10

kde-ubuntu-10-10

If you are a beginner Ubuntu User then you should know that Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat or any other version of Ubuntu uses GNOME as Default Desktop,but if you want to install KDE on Ubuntu 10.10,then it’s very simple because all the Linux based systems are perfectly modular.In general I like GNOME much as compare to other Desktops like KDE,LXDE,XFCE…. but it’s totally personal experience if you want KDE desktop in Ubuntu then just follow the simple steps given below.Many Ubuntu users agree on this point that KDE has better look as compare to other desktop.If you are a KDE Fan then there is one more point – A dedicated version of KDE+Ubuntu 10.10 = Kubuntu 10.10 is also available.

Installing KDE Desktop on Ubuntu 10.10

KDE can be installed in many ways but the best method is to install it from Synaptic package Manager.Before installing KDE you should select the package i.e Standard,Minimal or Full,because KDE desktop also contains KDE based applications.So choose the package you need.Then mark the left box in synaptic package manager and click on Apply to Begin installation.Depending on your internet bandwidth it wouldn’t take more than 15 minutes to finish the installation procedures.If you are still not sure about the above steps then go here step wise instruction for KDE installation.

Login in to KDE Desktop Session

Logout from the current login session.At the login prompt choose your username,enter password and select Desktop as KDE at the bottom Right Menu.Then login as usual..Then you will be able to enjoy Ubuntu 10.10 with KDE.

installing-kde-ubuntu-1010

how to install kde on fedora 13

how to install kde on fedora 13

how to install kde on fedora 13

Fedora 13 uses GNOME as Default Desktop(Window Manager) although you can select KDE(K-Desktop Environment) in the beginning at the time of installation.In second case,you can install KDE later(After installing fedora 13) from the shell/terminal/command-line or in graphical interface.KDE(K-Desktop Environment) 4.5 RC3 has just released on July 26 2010.KDE is a very popular desktop environment,it’s very eye catching,open source and free so it’s supported && used by most of the linux based operating system.This post will explain you – how to install KDE desktop on fedora 13 by using package manager(in gui mode) and command line.

Installing KDE in Fedora 13

how to install kde on fedora 13

Using Package Manager(From GUI)
Go to package manager and search for ‘kde’ installation package.Select the required package and install..it will take few minutes to install.

From Command Line
First attain the root power by executing-

[fedorauser@localhost ~]$ su
Password: 

and then run the command given below-

yum install @kde-desktop

login to fedora by using KDE

At login prompt choose the desktop from the menu(session) that you want as default and enter your login detail to proceed.That’s all..now it’s time to enjoy KDE on Fedora 13.

Conclusion : Although KDE Desktop is little slower than GNOME and I prefer to use GNOME but it’s a personal experience;you may like KDE instead of the default GNOME desktop on Fedora 13.

install_fluxbox_on_ubuntu_10_04

How to install fluxbox on ubuntu 10.04

What is Fluxbox ??
A window manager or desktop like XFCE/LDXE/KDE/GNOME..(it’s a lightweight weight desktop environment) for linux based operating system and available free under MIT License.

Install Fluxbox in Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx

In Ubuntu 10.04(Lucid Lynx) LTS,you can install fluxbox window manager either from Synaptic Package Manager/ubuntu software center or Command Line/terminal/shell.Both of the methods are explained here

Installing fluxbox from Synaptic Package Manager

#1. Open Synaptic Package Manager(Go to System->Administration->SPM) and search for ‘fluxbox’.

#2. Check the small rectangular box(Select the fluxbox package),then click on Apply to begin installation of the selected package.

#3. After few minutes,the installation would be complete..then logout from the current session ..and choose fluxbox from the drop down menu at login prompt to run fluxbox with Ubuntu 10.04.

#4. That’s All..

install_fluxbox_on_ubuntu_10_04

install fluxbox from command line

Run the command(given below) at terminal(CTRL+ALT+T) and read the step 3 for logging into fluxbox desktop.

$ sudo apt-get install fluxbox