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how-to-tweak-ubuntu 11.04

How to tweak Ubuntu 11.04 : Install ‘Ubuntu Tweak’

Ubuntu 11.04 (code named as ‘Natty Narwhal’) or any other Linux distribution, isn’t so easy to configure/customize, for a windows guy. That’s where Ubuntu Tweak will help a lot, it makes Ubuntu customization much easier. Ubuntu 11.04 got new desktop – ‘Unity’ as the default desktop, which is probably difficult to customize as compared to Gnome 2.3 (or may be Gnome 3.0), that’s why this post will help you in installing that small application (or tool or utility) – ‘Ubuntu Tweak’ Latest version 0.5.10.

Ubuntu Tweak : Configure Ubuntu in much easier way

Ubuntu Tweak is a free and open source application, that will allow you to explore new options and settings in Ubuntu, that you don’t get with Default Desktop Environment (GNOME or Unity or KDE).

how-to-tweak-ubuntu 11.04

Important Features of Ubuntu Tweak

  • session control
  • easier management of startup programs
  • control login settings
  • power management settings
  • explore basic system information
  • configure compiz
  • panel configuration

Installing Ubuntu Tweak on Ubuntu 11.04

#1 : Download the Application – Ubuntu Tweak from it’s website.

Download Ubuntu Tweak

#2 : Install it by opening with Ubuntu Software Center (Right Click -> Select) or from Command Line. TO install from command line type –

sudo dpkg -i ubuntu-tweak_0.5.10-1_all.deb

#3 :That’s all..if any dependencies problem occurs, like python < 2.7, then reinstall the Python version >= 2.7.

upgrading-ubuntu-10-10

How to Upgrade from Ubuntu 10.10 to 11.04

Ubuntu 10.10 had released, few (~6) months ago, now Ubuntu 11.04 is the next version, scheduled to release on April 28, 2011. Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat)/10.04 (Lucid Lynx) is based on GNOME Desktop, while Ubuntu 11.04 is using Unity Shell/Desktop (with GNOME Application suite). If you are thinking to upgrade your Ubuntu 10.10, to it’s next version, 11.04 (Natty Narwhal ), then First make a backup and wait for few days, until the stable version of Ubuntu 11.04 comes out.

Ubuntu 10.10 is based on gnome 2.3, if you will upgrade , then unity will become the default desktop. The new desktop ‘unity’ is the major change in the next version, everything else is almost similar to previous version, or else if you are bored with old classic interface of gnome 2.3 then you can try Gnome 3 on Ubuntu 10.10, gnome 3 also looks great!, so instead of upgrading the whole system, you can just upgrade the desktop.

Upgrading Ubuntu 10.10 to Ubuntu 11.04 in few simple steps

step #1 : First of all, prepare a backup of all the files (customized apps, e.g gimp fonts, brushes, plugins) and data, it’s strongly recommended. When you are ready, move to next step.

upgrading-ubuntu-10-10

step #2 : Hit ALT+F2 , a small window will appear, write

update-manager -d

and click on Run Button (you just started the Update Manager Daemon).

upgrading-to-ubuntu-11-04

step #3 : Now,  a new Window will appear, just click on Upgrade button (look at the snapshot, above), then move on..the upgrading will begin.

step #4 : Relax,until the upgrading process is completed. Restart the computer and enjoy Ubuntu 11.04!!

Here is a snapshot of the new Look of your Desktop (Unity with Ubuntu 11.04)!

ubuntu-11-04-snapshot

gnome3-on-ubuntu

how to install Gnome 3 on ubuntu 10.10-10.04

GNOME 3, the latest stable version of GNOME Desktop, has released with a lot of changes and improvements. Ubuntu 11.04 has shifted to another default desktop (developed by Canonical, although gnome is installed, and you can select it, in the login window), while 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) and 10.04(Lucid Lynx) has gnome by default.

GNOME 3 has completely different look and feel than its predecessor version 2.32. GNOME is the most popular desktop, used by most of the popular Linux Distributions – like Ubuntu, Fedora, Debian etc. GNOME also provides some basic applications and utilities. GNOME 3 has been developed from the scratch, so you can expect a lot of features and functionality in the completely new environment.

Due to some innovative features and look, it claims to be ‘The Next Generation Desktop’. On Ubuntu 10.04 or 10.10 , you can either install it from the command line or synaptic package manager, but be careful before installing it, be ready with a backup (because a lot of people has reported some problems, related to gnome 3 / Ubuntu). You can also download the *.ISO archive from the Gnome’s official website and install it, but officially it says only for Fedora and Open Suse, but I think , the package available for Fedora, might work with Ubuntu.

gnome3-on-ubuntu

Features of GNOME 3.0 at a Glance

  • Easier Window Management
  • Create workspaces easily
  • Faster Access to Applications
  • Less distraction during the work
  • Built in Messaging Features
  • charming look and design
  • Deeper hardware integration

Installing GNOME 3 in Ubuntu 10.04/10.10

#1 : Open synaptic package manager and add the PPA (Settings -> Repositories -> Other Softwares, then add the PPA given below ) for GNOME 3.

ppa:ubuntu-desktop/gnome3-builds

installing-gnome3-ubuntu

#2 : Then, update the repository packages (using Reload button).

#3 : Now search for gnome 3 package and install it.

From Command Line / Terminal

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-desktop/gnome3-builds
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install gnome-desktop3
installing rar-tools-ubuntu-11-04

How to Open RAR File on Ubuntu 11.04

Ubuntu 11.04 (Code named as ‘Natty Narwhal’) has some good applications, installed by default but still a lot of apps isn’t, due to some licensing problem. RAR (short for Roshal ARchive, a proprietary archive file format ) compression tool is a shareware software, that’s why it’s not installed by default.

Ubuntu 11.04 has support for some common compressed files formats like tar, bz2, gz, zip etc, but not for rar. So if you will try to open a ‘file_name.rar’ file, then an error message will be displayed saying that – ‘File Format Not Supported!’. That’s why, you need to install RAR Compression/uncompression tool. You can install it from command line or Ubuntu Software Center or Synaptic Package Manager.

Installing RAR compression/uncompression Tool from Ubuntu Software Center

#1 : open Ubuntu Software Center (from the left icon panel) and search for ‘rar’.

installing rar-tools-ubuntu-11-04

#2 : Then click on install button to install the rar package.

#3 : That’s All..wait until the installation is complete. Then right click on the file, and extract it or just double click or select extract here to begin the uncompression process.

VLC Best Video Player for Ubuntu

how to install VLC Media Player on Ubuntu 11.04

There are lot of Music players available for Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal) but VLC is the most popular media player, not only for Ubuntu 11.04 or Linux Distros but also on Windows (7, Xp or Vsita) and Mac OS X. VLC is a free and open source multimedia player. it’s available for all common platforms. it has been developed/maintained under VideoLAN project. VLC is known as all in one media player, because it can play all the common media file formats – like mp3,avi,flv etc. Actually VLC is capable of handling a lot of input and output file formats.

Ubuntu 11.04 has banshee media player as a default media player, which is a nice one but not suitable for all cases. VLC can be installed in multiple ways – e.g from Command Line, Ubuntu Software Center or from Synaptic Package Manager. Here we will cover any two methods. After installing you may need to install some proprietary libraries and codecs e.g libdvdcss2 for playing music/movies DVD (Encrypted using CSS (Content Scramble System) encryption algorithm). In Ubuntu software center , vlc got 4.5 start, through the 50+ ratings. Now, you can check the popularity of the application before installing, in the Ubuntu Software center, through reviews/comments and ratings.

vlc-snapshot-on-ubuntu-11.04

Installing VLC Player on Ubuntu 11.04

From Ubuntu Software Center

#1 : Open Ubuntu Software Center (go to menu located at Top Left corner and search for ‘ubuntu software center’ ).

installing-vlc-ubuntu-11.04

#2 : search for ‘vlc’ and click on install button to proceed.

#3 : Wait for the installation to complete.

From Command Line

Open the terminal (CTRL+ALT+T) and type the commands , followed by your ubuntu login password.

sudo apt-get install vlc vlc-plugin-pulse mozilla-plugin-vlc