Tag Archives: linux distribution

ubuntu-11-04-Linux distribution for beginners

best Linux distribution for beginners

The popularity of GNU/Linux is increasing exponentially,  probably due to a lot of benefits such as Full control, openly available Source Code (Usually open source softwares are licensed under GPL, Apache.. ),  zero or less cost, etc; Despite of that, common users gets afraid of Linux distributions (There are some obvious reasons for that – one of the most common reason is ‘Command Line’, they want fancy GUI where everything can be done in few clicks), but the fact is that – GNU/Linux is very simple. It’s Fun, but only when you know about it and learning curve might be an issue in that case.

If you have been using Windows (XP, Vista or 7) from years (or just few months) and want to try something new i.e a Linux based operating system or if you are beginner computer user and interested in learning new stuffs, then you’ve come to the right place. In this post I’ll explain about about top 2 Linux distro – select one depending on your choice.

Ubuntu – The best Linux distro for novice users

Ubuntu is the most popular Linux distribution for desktop users. It is a free and open source operating system based on GNU/Linux. You can choose any suitable desktop environment e.g Gnome, Unity, KDE, Xfce etc depending on your need and hardware specifications. Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal) is the latest stable release available now, while it’s successor – vs 11.10 is coming in Oct, 2011 (probably with Gnome 3, The Next Generation Desktop Experience).

ubuntu-11-04-Linux distribution for beginners

Why Ubuntu is recommended to beginners ?

  • it’s very easy to use and administrate. (As compare to other Linux based OS)
  • Ubuntu Software Center makes the software installation/Management much easier
  • a vast collection of free and open source applications are available
  • a lot of online community, blogs and forums are available to help you, in any problem/bugs
  • it’s secure from viruses and *wares
  • Learning curve is not so steep (as you expect from a Linux based os)
  • it’s Fun!

Download and install Ubuntu 11.04

Best Linux distribution for Beginners (from Windows background) : Linux Mint

Linux Mint is very similar to Ubuntu but it has better hardware compatibility. It is also based on Debian and has many versions depending on the Desktop such as Gnome or KDE. Linux Mint has windows like interface (In fact you can also customize the Gnome in Ubuntu, to look like Windows 7 or Vista), so it’s more suitable for those who have migrated from Windows to Linux. It has also all the features listed above, and the most important point is simplicity. Linux Mint 11 is the latest version available for download.

Linux Mint for beginners

Download Linux Mint (Installation procedure is similar to Ubuntu)

easypeasy-netbook-distro

best Linux distribution for netbook

Linux based distributions are now becoming more popular (among the common computer users) , user friendly and easily compatible with newer or older hardware configurations. For Servers Linux based distributions (such as Red Hat, Cent OS, SUSE…) has been the best choice from years but now, desktop users are also migrating to Linux based distro (obviously from Windows or Mac). Now it’s the time to select the best distribution for desktop computing.

This post will guide you in selecting the best Linux distribution for your netbook (computer), depending on your work (for which you primarily use the netbook), experience (how much experience you have, with linux distributions) and your netbook’s hardware configuration. All of the distributions, recommended here are free and licensed under GPL or other similar open source license.

How to choose The Best Linux Distro for your Netbook ?

In the past few years, number of Linux based distros has augmented – almost exponentially, that’s why hundreds of Linux distributions are available now! (despite of the fact that – only few of them are popular e.g Ubuntu, RedHat, CentOS, Linux Mint, Fedora etc); some of them are dedicated for special tasks or special users. So, one of the most simple way of choosing – ‘best linux distro’ would be – First select few of them and try one by one, finally select the one which you liked most.

For Beginners

If you are a beginner user; I mean if you don’t have any experience (or very little experience that is hard to count, for example ,you have used a Linux based distro for removing viruses from your Windows Computer, using a Live CD or bootable USB) with Linux based operating systems, then I would recommend using Ubuntu (Ubuntu had already released some dedicated distro for small screen devices such as Netbook or Laptop computer, but after Ubuntu 11.04, both desktop and laptop versions has merged together due to reason that ‘unity has become the default desktop in the latest version’) or Debian based Linux distribution. You can try EasyPeasy which is supposed to be the dedicated linux distribution (and probably the best option! although I personally suggest Ubuntu!) for netbook computers. So you have two good option  – either use EasyPeasy or Ubuntu 11.04.

#1 EasyPeasy : Dedicated Linux distribution for Netbook users

easypeasy-netbook-distro

EasyPeasy (formerly known as Ubuntu Eee) is a Linux based operating system , specifically developed for Netbook computer. EasyPeasy is very simple to use and very similar to Ubuntu, actually it is based on Ubuntu and Debian. It is free and available as an open source software. The latest version 1.6 was released (around an year ago). A lot of Ubuntu derivatives are also available each one with specific package or component e.g KUbuntu (Ubuntu with KDE as default Desktop), MythUbuntu, XUbuntu (XFCE Desktop edition of Ubuntu, specifically recommended for hardwares with low RAM or graphics capabilities), Ubuntu Studio etc.

Important features of EasyPeasy includes –

  • it’s simple and easy to use!
  • Some proprietary codecs (Audio and video) and plugins are installed by default
  • uses well known proprietary Apps instead of open source alternative
  • provides special netbook features such as Automatic File Synchronization
  • consumes less power

How to install EasyPeasy

>> Download EasyPeasy 1.6 ISO File.

>> Now, Download the installer (I assume, currently you are using Windows) and run it to make a bootable pendrive of easypeasy.

>> That’s all.. now reboot the computer and install easypeasy..as you install Ubuntu 11.04 from USB.

#2 Ubuntu 11.04 : One of the best Linux distro for netbook

ubuntu-11-04-for-netbook

Ubuntu is the most popular (around 50% of share in Linux desktop uses) open source (and free) Linux distribution among Desktop users. Ubuntu is based on Debian (GNU/Linux Operating System). Ubuntu 11.04 is the latest version (released few months ago) which uses unity as default desktop (earlier version uses Gnome desktop).

Features of Ubuntu 11.04 as Glance

  • Focuses on simplicity and ease of use
  • Compatible with most of the modern (and old) hardwares
  • Great online community and supports available free!
  • A number of free Applications are available
  • Great look with a lot of features
  • Customization is pretty easy

How to install Ubuntu 11.04 on your Netbook

Follow this tutorial on – installing Ubuntu 11.04 on Netbook – using USB Drive , step by step, installation will be complete within 30 minutes.

Other Linux distros that you may want to try on netbook

A number of Linux distros are available these days and sometimes it’s really very difficult choose one out of them, in that case you can easily filter out the best one using some constraints or properties or the nature of job performed on the computer. For example, if kids are the primary user of the netbook, then you may go for Qimo or PuppyLinux; The Netbook is going to be used in school by a student or teacher, then Educational version of Ubuntu i.e Edubuntu will be the perfect choice. You can also Try Edubuntu live from your browser before Downloading/installing it on your computer.

#3 Fedora : For Advanced Users

Fedora is one of the most popular Linux based operating system that is available free as an open source software. Fedora is based on RPM (A package Management System). Fedora has released its latest version (a month ago) – Fedora 15 (Lovelock) with Gnome shell 3.0.

Fedora 15 with Gnome 3.0

Some Imprtant Features of Fedora

  • focuses on stability (Fedora is a rock solid Linux distro) and usability
  • enhanced security policies and features
  • latest features are available due to short life cycle
  • well supported by most hardwares (specifically by PowerPC (RISC based computer))
  • Free Online support and discussions are available

#4 PuppyLinux : Lightweight and Fast OS for your Netbook

PuppyLinux is a lightweight – free and open source Linux based OS which can be run from RAM itself i.e you can remove the boot medium (after the successful boot). PuppyLinux has suitable applications, so it may be well suitable for your netbook (depending on your need and type of work). You can boot it from a SD card or live USB (or CD) or harddrive etc. Since it’s very fast and virus free (it’s based on Linux), often used in removing viruses from Windows. it uses JVM (Joe’s Window Manager) as default desktop. Puppy 5 is the latest stable version released last year. I think puppy is one of the cool (probably the best) option for a netbook user.

puppylinux-screenshot

Remarkable features of PuppyLinux

  • Lightweight (around 100MB) and fast
  • easy to use
  • contains common useful Apps
  • run from RAM

Download Latest Version of PuppyLinux

(Update 1 : One more distribution has been added)

(Update 2 : post formatted correctly)

Linux Mint

Linux Mint is a Debian based GNU/Linux, very similar to Ubuntu but it has better hardware compatibility specially when it comes to Laptops or Notebook/Netbook. So you may like to give it a try if not satisfied with the above ones.

Linux Mint

Download Linux Mint

linux mint debian edition snapshot

Linux Mint Debian Edition(LMDE) : available for download!

Linux Mint Debian Edition has released Today!(sep 07,2010).LMDE is a rolling distro based on Debian and it has claimed to be more faster and more responsive than other Linux distribution e.g Ubuntu.LMDE comes with a Debian base with GNOME as Default Desktop(Although you can choose other desktop if you want(list of other supported desktops are given below)) and it’s rougher than other distros so it may not be so much user friendly but it is under continuous improvement.

linux mint debian edition snapshot

Actually it represents an alternative,with almost same desktop functionality as ubuntu or other Linux distribution, but with a different base.So there is a difference in hardware support and compatibility between LMDE and other Linux distributions.
Linux Mint Debian Edition(LMDE) comes with Software Manager for managing favorite applications efficiently.The Default desktop is GNOME but if you wanna try other desktop then it’s very simple.The other supported desktops are KDE,LXDE,FluxBox,XFCE.Go to it’s official website for more details.

Download Linux Mint Debian Edition