Tag Archives: natty

unity-desktop-snapshot

how to install unity on Ubuntu 10.10-10.04

Unity is now the default shell interface used in Ubuntu 11.04, so Gnome is no more the default desktop on Ubuntu, but its applications are there. If you are using Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) or 10.04 (Lucid Lynx), then you may want to try Unity Desktop (shell). Unity has a lot of new and exciting features- so you must give it a try, if you don’t like it, then just come back to your favorite desktop – Gnome (2.3 or 3.0, Try Gnome 3 on Ubuntu 10.10-10.04) or KDE. Unity has a nice left panel bar, a launcher for your favorite Apps. Unity was first shipped with the Notebook edition (Now, desktop and notebook edition has been merged together, in version 11.04) of Ubuntu.

If you are using Ubuntu 10.10/10.04 for experimental purpose, then you can also try Ubuntu 11.04; on the other hand, just install Unity , with existing desktops like Gnome 2.3 or 3.0 or KDE. This post will explain, how to install Unity shell on Ubuntu 10.10 / 10.04 from command line (Don’t be panic, it’s a simple command, you just need to copy the command from this post and paste in terminal) /Shell.

unity-desktop-snapshot

Features of Unity

  • it’s simple to use
  • it has beautiful look and icons
  • Unity is specifically optimized for small and touch devices
  • A lot of 3D effects is enabled by default

Installing Unity on Ubuntu 10.10 – 10.04

Open Terminal (Hit CTRL+ALT+T) and type the following command(s), (followed by your login password; then enter yes, when you get an confirmation message).

sudo apt-get install unity

That’s All..Now, logout from the current session and select Unity desktop/shell at login prompt, and login again. Enjoy ..ubuntu with Unity..Let me know if you got any error while installing Unity, through comments.

ubuntu-11-04-snapshot

Ubuntu 11.04 – stable version has finally Released! Download now!

Ubuntu 11.04 – code named as Natty Narwhal, stable version has released today (few hours ago). Ubuntu 11.04 has arrived with a lot of surprises and features, the biggest one is that – The Default desktop is Natty not Gnome 3.0 (The Next Generation Desktop, If you want to try Gnome, then go here – install gnome 3 desktop on Ubuntu 11.04 ), although you can select Gnome classic version from the login menu, if you want. Ubuntu’s release cycle is very clear – Two major versions in a year x.04 and x.10 (probably, where x = ‘The last two digit of year’). Final version has released after some Alpha versions, followed by two beta version, eliminating the RC (Release Candidate) version, this time.

How to Get Ubuntu 11.04 ?

It is free and open source, download it and install on your computer, using USB or CD. If you want more help then follow this link – step by step guide for installing ubuntu 11.04 from USB or CD drive .

Download Ubuntu 11.04

Ubuntu 11.04 has shipped with Unity, but Gnome Applications are there. Most of the default applications are similar to its previous version – Ubuntu 10.10, just the interface seems different due to Unity. Here is the one snapshot, I have taken from my Desktop –

ubuntu-11-04-snapshot

gnome-3-snapshot

how to install GNOME 3 on Ubuntu 11.04

GNOME 3 had finally released, few week s ago, in the beginning (on April 6, 2011) of this month. As usual, we expected a lot of new innovative features from GNOME community, So let’s evaluate what we got. Yesterday I installed, gnome 3.0 on my desktop (Running Ubuntu 11.04 and 10.10 in dual boot mode), and now I’m using it. If you are an Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) or 10.04 (Lucid Lynx) user, then better go here – install gnome 3 on Ubuntu 10.10/10.04 , because the PPA (Personal Package Archives) for both the versions are different.

In this post, I’ll explain how to install Gnome 3.0 on Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal), because it uses ‘Unity’ desktop by default, which you may not like (probably due to the fact that We (Ubuntu Users) are using GNOME from years, and want to stick with it, ..and of course GNOME 3 is Great! atleast you should give it a try, even though you are a ‘Unity’ lover).

gnome-3-snapshot

Few words about : GNOME 3, The Next Generation Desktop

GNOME 3.0 has been designed and developed from scratch instead of developing it on the top of existing versions (just adding some functionality to Gnome 2.3). it seems robust,fast and good looking. The usability factor is also very high as compare to previous versions, the navigation (e.g switching from one window to other) is much simpler, efficient and quick. You don’t need any maximize and minimize buttons, and you can divide the desktop in to partition (Then work independently on both the side) with a single click. In Gnome 3, workspace can be created and deleted in a single click, (Unlike 2.3 where you had to define the number of desktop, then switching between them is so boring and difficult).

Finally I can say that – Gnome 3.0 is great! because it’s something that we can call a next generation Desktop but it has a lot of negative points too. First of all, it is extremely unstable; I don’t think that’s the problem of Gnome, all open source software suffers from this problem because most of them are suffering from “high – version release frequency” problem (I mean they release a lot of buggy versions with minor improvements which often causes instability and so not suitable for productive environment). Let me explain it through a simple example – I am an Ubuntu user, and currently using the stable version of Ubuntu let say X.04 (possibly released on Nov 200X). Initially a lot of bugs were there and most of them got fixed; I have customized the desktop I wanted and enjoying learning/working/programming with Ubuntu X.04. Oh.. suddenly I heard that – version X.10 is coming with a lot of charming and exciting features. Within a few months (probably in April 200X+1 ) the next version X.10 got released..and I couldn’t stop myself by installing the new version. That set, Again the same thing repeats as happened with its previous version, until the next version possibly Y.04 arrives (where Y=X+1). That’s where most of the open source software sucks. I personally, just don’t like (I should say ‘hate’ but that’s the word which is not in my dictionary :) ) Unity Desktop, KDE is too complicated/heavy, and Gnome is something I really like but it’s next version 3.0 is available only for Fedora and OpenSuse. So I’ve been using Gnome 2.3 from last few days ..and I think it will be continued until Ubuntu 11.10. $whereami ? Let’s come to our point.

Installing GNOME 3 on Ubuntu 11.04

Open Terminal ( Default shortcut is : CTRL+ALT+T ) and Type the following commands (Make sure that you haven’t opened Ubuntu Software Center or Synaptic Package Manager while installing package from the command line).

Update 1 : (I forgot to include the warning message regarding the Gnome 3 installation).

Warning : Installing Gnome 3.0 on Ubuntu 11.04 using this PPA, will break Unity and your system might become unusable.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell
Then Restart your computer; select the GNOME 3 desktop at login prompt (Default is Ubuntu, which means Unity).
Update 2 :

How to Remove/uninstall Gnome 3 from Ubuntu 11.04

Type this simple command at terminal if you want to roll back to previous state..
sudo ppa-purge ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3
how-to-tweak-ubuntu 11.04

How to tweak Ubuntu 11.04 : Install ‘Ubuntu Tweak’

Ubuntu 11.04 (code named as ‘Natty Narwhal’) or any other Linux distribution, isn’t so easy to configure/customize, for a windows guy. That’s where Ubuntu Tweak will help a lot, it makes Ubuntu customization much easier. Ubuntu 11.04 got new desktop – ‘Unity’ as the default desktop, which is probably difficult to customize as compared to Gnome 2.3 (or may be Gnome 3.0), that’s why this post will help you in installing that small application (or tool or utility) – ‘Ubuntu Tweak’ Latest version 0.5.10.

Ubuntu Tweak : Configure Ubuntu in much easier way

Ubuntu Tweak is a free and open source application, that will allow you to explore new options and settings in Ubuntu, that you don’t get with Default Desktop Environment (GNOME or Unity or KDE).

how-to-tweak-ubuntu 11.04

Important Features of Ubuntu Tweak

  • session control
  • easier management of startup programs
  • control login settings
  • power management settings
  • explore basic system information
  • configure compiz
  • panel configuration

Installing Ubuntu Tweak on Ubuntu 11.04

#1 : Download the Application – Ubuntu Tweak from it’s website.

Download Ubuntu Tweak

#2 : Install it by opening with Ubuntu Software Center (Right Click -> Select) or from Command Line. TO install from command line type –

sudo dpkg -i ubuntu-tweak_0.5.10-1_all.deb

#3 :That’s all..if any dependencies problem occurs, like python < 2.7, then reinstall the Python version >= 2.7.

Cheese Webcam Booth

Webcam Software for Ubuntu 11.04

Webcam or web Camera (Integrated with Laptop or Desktop Monitor or comes separately, usually connected via USB port). Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal) doesn’t include any default application for webcam. That’s why we need to install an application that will install the webcam drivers. If the webcam manufacturer provides teh driver software for Linux based OS like Ubuntu, then you won’t need to install any third party apps, but it’s not the case, they usually provides drivers just for Windows (or may be for Mac).

So, this post will explain about, a basic appsCheese, that you can use for capturing videos and pictures, on Ubuntu 11.04. Cheese is a great application, that allows you to take pictures (videos) with a lot of funny graphics effects. it’s a free and open source software; you can find it in package repository or Ubuntu Software Center. On the official website of cheese, it has indicated that – cheese requires Gstreamer and Gnome (version 2 or above), in order to work, but it works fine with Natty, if any problem occurs then switch to classic gnome desktop.

Cheese : Webcam Software for Ubuntu

Installing Cheese on Ubuntu 11.04

From Ubuntu Software Center

#1 : Open Ubuntu Software Center (Search in Top Left Menu or left icon panel) and search for ‘cheese’.

installing-cheese-on-ubuntu-11.04

#2 : Now click on install button to begin the installation procedure.Wait for the installation to complete.

#3 : That’s all..have Fun! with Cheese

From Terminal (Command Line)

Open Terminal/shell and enter the following command(s), followed by your password (I mean ubuntu login password) —

sudo apt-get install cheese