Tag Archives: ubuntu 10.04 tips

How to Open .RAR File in Ubuntu 10.04

If you have just installed the Ubuntu 10.04 on your computer and wondering for a software to open .RAR file ..this post will surely help you.The fact is that,after fresh installation of ubuntu 10.04 you will have to install some extra software(like Adobe Flash player,VLC player,CSS library for encrypted dvd playback..) for basic needs(If you have installed Ubuntu 10.04 from standard CD).

Install RAR Compression and Decompression Tool in Ubuntu 10.04

To Open RAR file(or to make rar file) you will have to add an application to Archive Manager so that it can handle with RAR files.Follow these steps to install RAR application-
1. Open Ubuntu Software Center or Synaptic Manager and Search for RAR.
2. Click on install to proceed for installation.
3. Wait for few minutes to finish the download and installation will begin automatically …and finish within few moments.
4. Installation completed successfully…now to open .RAR file,just click(right) on them and open with archive manager(or use double click).Everything will work expected and you would be able to extract rar files easily.

How to Install XBMC Media Center in Ubuntu 10.04

how to install xbmc media center in ubuntu 10.04

If you are one of the users who just migrated from the window7 or vista then probably you are searching some softwares which will act as a substitute for corresponding windows application and Media Center is surely on of them.In fact there is good substitutes available for almost all the windows application in Ubuntu 10.04 and of course for media center.XBMC is a great application which is just equivalent to the windows media center.So you can install XBMC on your ubuntu 10.04 in few steps.XBMC is an open source and free media player with excellent design and interface.XBMC is a cross platform application i.e available for all the major operating system like Linux,MacOS and windows.It supports all the popular video and audio format.It can also play CD,DVD or Image files or even compressed file(ZIP and RAR formats are well supported).It is very simple to use and allow you to organize the media collections and library in efficient way.

steps for installing xbmc media center in ubuntu 10.04

Install XBMC from Synaptic Package Manager

To install xbmc from Synaptic package manager first you have to add some repository related to xbmc.Then you can install it in normal ways.Follow these steps to install it from Synaptic Manager :
step1: Open Synaptic Package Manager(System->Administration->Synaptic Package Manager).
step2: Click on settings and then on repository.Now click on other software,next on +add(Left Bottom) to add extra repository i.e software package source.
step3: A small window will come then in address place put ppa:team-xbmc .
step4: Now click on reload to refresh the package information.Next,search for xbmc.
step5: Check the xbmc box to install and click on apply changes to begin the installation process.
step6: XBMC installation will complete within few minutes.Run XBMC from Application->Sound & Video->XBMC.

Install XBMC from Command Line

Actually it is just similar to the above method.We will do the same work from linux shell.Open terminal(Type CTRL+ALT+T in Ubuntu 10.04).Then type the following commands –
1. sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc to add the repository.
2. sudo apt-get update to update the package information and softwares list.
3. sudo apt-get install xbmc to install the xbmc media center on your computer.
4. That’s All..
I think you have successfully installed XBMC on your Ubuntu 10.04 LTS(Lucid Lynx)…if any problem occurs let me know through comments.

E-mail client for Ubuntu 10.04

e-mail client for ubuntu 10.04

Ubuntu 10.04 users who have come from the windows-xp or vista or 7 may be searching for a suitable mail client like Microsoft outlook.In Linux/Ubuntu world there are lot of mail client available in contrast to the outlook.In this post I will try to explore an excellent e-mail client,that is probably the best.Although the evolution,a robust application,is installed as default mail client in ubuntu 10.04.But it is not necessary that every user should stuck to a single application where ,a lot of applications are waiting with some unique features.So you can try different mail clients and after that choose whatever you like.(Don’t forget to do some experiment in linux/Ubuntu;then surely you will enjoy and learn more)

Mozilla Thunderbird : The best Mail Client for Ubuntu 10.04 LTS
This is an robust e-mail client developed by Mozilla foundation.Since it is free and open source you can install it on your Ubuntu 10.04 very easily.It has a lot of features like easy mail account setup,tabs,e-mail archiving,folders to manage you e-mails more efficiently.It’s latest version 3.04 has released and you can install it on your system.It is a cross platform mail application i.e you can install it on Ubuntu or other Linux distribution as well as on Windows and MacOS.It’s new version cam with a lot of features and it is very fast and flexible because its functionality can be easily extended through plugins(A lot of plugins are available free on the Internet).It gives a great attention on security i.e you can easily set up encrypted connections with your mail server so that your mail account password and other sensitive information can’t be filtered through sniffing or Man in Middle attack.
Go to its official website for more details on its features

How to install Mozilla Thunderbird in Ubuntu 10.04
Actually the installation is very simple and it will take les than few minutes to complete,in ubuntu 10.04 LTS.There are many ways to install Thunderbird – using command line or By using Ubuntu Software center or by using Synaptic Package Manager.Installing Thunderbird from Ubuntu Software Center is very simple.

1.First,Open Ubuntu Software Center(Application->Ubuntu Software Center).

2.Search for Thunderbird.

3.Click on install.

4.It may ask you to authorise first if so then enter your password(Ubuntu login account) to begin downloading installation process.

5.Wait for the installation to complete.

6.You are done! Now open the Mozilla Thunderbird from Application->Internet->Mozilla Thunderbird Mail/News to configure your mail account(s).Enter the required information like mail account ID,password etc.That’s all…

Credit : Mozilla Foundation

web blogging client for ubuntu 10.04

web blogging client : Blogilo

The number of blogs on the Internet/web are increasing exponentially and of course the number of bloggers too.Now wordpress and other open source CMS(Content Management System) has made the blogging seamless and efficient.But sometimes you may like to publish your post directly from your desktop(Specially if the frequency of the post is high),in that case web blogging client is necessary so that you can publish your post more quickly from your desktop.For Ubuntu 10.04 there are lot of options due to availability of many web blogging clients.

wordpress blogging client for Ubuntu 10.04

Blog Entry Poster : A Simple blogging client

Blog entry poster or Gnome blog is a panel object used for publishing articles for web blogs.It works well with wordpress ,blogspot and liveJournal.It has many special features like spell checking,WYSIWYG styled text support and drag and dropping facility in handling with images.

Installing Blog Entry Poster in Ubuntu 10.04 :

Go to software center and install it in one click.After installing the software you will have to provide some information related to your blog account.After that you will be able to post directly from your desktop in one click.

Blogilo : KDE blogging client
An Open source web blogging client with very simple interface and easy to use with a lot of features.
It has support with wordpress blog,Blogger and others.It’s feature include WYSIWYG editor,easy image attachment and auto spell checker.You can also edit and modify post as well as post scheduling and drafts are also available.
Fore more details on its features you may like to visit its official website

how to install blogilo in Ubuntu 10.04 :
It is very simple and will take few minutes to install.First open software center or Synaptic Package Manager and search for blogilo.Then click to install it.Wait for a minutes for completion of downloading and installation process.
That’s all enjoy blogging.


Hack-proof your Website with Nikto

Do you want to hack-proof your website? It is probably the best method to protect the website from malicious hackers and crackers.It will help you in better understanding about the security mechanism of your website.That’s why in this post I will try to explain how to exploit the loopholes in websites and the server(on which it is hosted) so that we can fix the problems and the website may become hack proof(Just a Fun).
The first step is to find the vulnerabilities in the server on which the targeted website is hosted.I am going to introduce you with a great hacking tool that will perform this job(scanning for vulnerabilities).The name of that software is Nikto.

Nikto : Command line tool for scanning web servers
Nikto is a website vulnerability scanning tool(Free and Open Source) made fr0m Perl(A script programming language like php or python).Hence you can use Nikto as a web server assessment tool for finding insecure files and programs on web server(Specialy against XSS vulnerabilities;Cross Site Scripting is one of the important hacking techniques used thesedays by the most of the attackers).

Scanning Websites Using Nikto will give following information :

  • misconfigured server and software
  • default programs and files
  • insecure programs and files
  • outdated programs and servers or plugins

Nikto is available for all the major Operating systems i.e for Linux,MacOSX and windows(By using ActiveState perl).

How to install Nikto in Ubuntu 10.04 :
In Ubuntu 10.04 you can easily install the Nikto by using Synaptic Package Manager.
1.Open the Synaptic Package Manager and search for “nikto”.
2.Check the box for install.
3.Click on Apply changes to install the checked packages.
4.It may ask for installing other dependencies if so then click ok.
5.Installation will begin and wait for its completion.
6.After completion of the installation you can invoke Nikto fr0m the terminal.

Invoking Nikto fr0m Ubuntu 10.04 shell :
Hit CTRL+ALT+T (Default shortcut for starting terminal) or start it fr0m Applications->Accessories->terminal.

Some Commonly used commands for hacking :

nikto -host : to specify the host to scan

(after host you can put host name or IP address of the target web server)

-port : TCP port(s) to scan.You can put by using comma e.g (80,443) or by giving the range of port such as (80-100)

-cgidirs : For scanning specified cgi directories.

-dbcheck : Check the scan databases for syntax errors.

-update : Updates the plugins and databases fr0m cirt.net.

-tunning : this option is used to tune the scan test against the target.

-format : It is used to specify the file format of the output.

For more information about the commands used in Nikto you can go to usr->share->doc->nikto->nikto_mannual.html or go to its official website. http://cirt.net/nikto2
Examples of website hacks :
nikto -host example.com

– Nikto v2.03/2.04
+ Target IP: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
+ Target Hostname: example.com
+ Target Port: 80
+ Start Time: 2010-05-24 16:43:05
+ Server: Apache
– /robots.txt – retrieved but it does not contain any ‘disallow’ entries (which is odd). (GET)
+ OSVDB-0: Retrieved X-Powered-By header: PHP/5.2.12
+ OSVDB-5433: WebLogic may reveal its internal IP or hostname in the Location header. The value is “http://example.com./”.
+ OSVDB-0: Non-standard header -cookie returned by server, with contents: wordpress_test_cookie=WP+Cookie+check; path=/
+ OSVDB-0: Non-standard header x-pingback returned by server, with contents: http://example.com/xyz.php
+ OSVDB-0: Non-standard header x-powered-by returned by server, with contents: PHP/5.2.12