Tag Archives: unity

ubuntu-1110-keyboard-shortcuts-wallpaper

Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot) Keyboard Shortcuts for Unity

Ubuntu 11.10 has unity as the default window manager; based on Gnome 3. In Ubuntu 11.10, you would notice a lot of improvements in Unity (simply, it has evolved! I didn’t like unity on 11.04 but on 11.10, I’m loving it, despite of the fact that Gnome is my most favorite Desktop (classic as well as shell interface)).

That’s why, I’ve written this post to explain some of the basic shortcuts of unity desktop, specifically for beginner users; most of the shortcuts I’ll write here, are already available in system settings ->keyboard, where you can define your own keyboard shortcuts or just edit/customize the existing shortcuts. I’ve already covered some of the unity related Ubuntu 11.04 keyboard shortcuts , only few of them has changed.

16 Most useful keyboard shortcuts for Ubuntu 11.10 users (beginner)

  1. Ctrl + Alt + t : Opens the Terminal
  2. Ctrl + Alt + L : Lock the screen
  3. Ctrl + Alt + Delete : Logout from the current session
  4. Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right/Up/Down : To change workspace [e.g hit Ctrl+Alt+Right (Arrow Key) for moving to right workspace]
  5. Shift + Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right/Up/Down : To move windows to different workspaces [e.g Shift+Ctrl+Alt+Down will move the selected window to down workspace]
  6. Super : focus on Unity Launcher (left panel), with some unique number for each Apps [super key is the one with window logo]
  7. Super + {n} ; where n = 0 1 2..9 : it will launch the corresponding Application
  8. Super + t : Opens trash program
  9. Super + d : toggle between the All Windows Minimize/Restore state
  10. Super + s : shows you – the all available workspaces, it has the same action as if you click on workspace icon in launcher.
  11. Alt + Tab : Switch Applications
  12. Alt + F4 : Close the window
  13. Alt + Space : Activate the window menu
  14. Alt + F7 : Move Window
  15. Alt + F8 : Resize Window
  16. Alt + F2 : Opens the run command dialog

Download Ubuntu 11.10 Keyboard shortcuts wallpaper

Here is a default wallpaper of Ubuntu, with some keyboard shortcuts (edited by me; to download the wallpaper, click on the image below and right click -> save) –

ubuntu-1110-keyboard-shortcuts-wallpaper
wallpaper with keyboard shortcuts

Setting Up your own custom Keyboard Shortcuts

Go to system settings -> keyboard ->Custom Shortcuts , and click on + button to add one.

keyboard-shortcuts-ubuntu-1110

The keyboard shortcuts I’ve described above are few most commonly used shortcuts, if you have some new shortcuts to share – then please consider sharing with us – through comment(s). Have Fun!! :-)

ubuntu-11-10-desktop-snapshot

Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot) Preview – Screenshot Tour

As you know – Ubuntu 11.10 beta 1 released, with a lot of improvements e.g it’s lighter && faster than it’s previous version (I mean – Ubuntu 11.04 – Natty Narwhal) and changes. Now it’s time for a quick preview, basically a screenshot tour for some of its exciting/cool features or improvements. Since it’s the beta release – there are lot of bugs (believe me it’s very annoying, I use Ubuntu 10.10 for general purpose), so obviously you aren’t going to install it on production machines. On the other hand if you want to do some experiments – then have a look at the screenshots.

Unity is the default desktop,  runs on the top of Gnome 3 , so this time – we can easily install Gnome 3 – shell on Ubuntu 11.10 without breaking the Unity.

Features/Changes in Ubuntu 11.10

  • LightDM Login Manager (instead of GDM)
  • Thunderbird as a default mail client (instead of Evolution)
  • based on Gnome 3
  • Classic Gnome desktop has been completely removed
  • Unity 2D as fallback mode
  • Linux Kernel 3.0
  • Unity desktop has changed a lot, in other words it’s far better now
  • Improvements in Ubuntu Software Center

Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot) Screenshot/snapshot Tour

#1 : Ubuntu 11.10 Default Desktop – Unity on Gnome 3.1.5

ubuntu-11-10-desktop-snapshot

#2 : Surfing with the default web browser Firefox 7.0 (beta release)

surfing-with-firefox

#3 : New look of Ubuntu Software Center

ubuntu-software-center

#4 : Systems Settings

system-settings-ubuntu 11.10

#5 : gedit

gedit-snapshot

#6 : Thunderbird

thunderbird-in-ubuntu-11.10

#7 : Unity Panel

unity-panel and search

#8 : Libreoffice

libre-office-ubuntu-11-10

#9 : Nautilus File Browser

nautilus-in-ubuntu-11-10

#10 : Unity 2D Desktop (looks almost similar to default one but it doesn’t have fancy Compiz (3D) effects)

unity-2d-desktop

keyboard shortcuts

Ubuntu 11.04 keyboard shortcuts

Ubuntu is the most popular Linux desktop, the latest version ubuntu 11.04 (code name : Natty Narwhal) has arrived a month ago with a lot of changes, modification and surprises (such as Unity is now the default desktop in Ubuntu). If you’ve been using Ubuntu from long time then upgrading to Ubuntu 11.04, may not be a good idea as Unity is almost different and so you have to customize and learn new tricks as well as keyboard and mouse shortcuts for better experience.

Unity desktop has removed the bottom panel, which is helpful in accessing opened windows and other running applications, instead of that – it has a left panel  – Launcher (with auto hide features) seem almost similar to Dock Application but with some different functionality and 3D effects.

Why should you try keyboard shortcuts in Ubuntu?

Although an average computer user do not use shortcuts a lot but shortcuts can improve (a lot) the experience with Ubuntu (or any other Linux based distribution because all are 100% customizable) and it will also save a lot of time and effort, eventually resulting in better productivity. That’s the importance of keyboard shortcuts. Let’s consider an example – to open a terminal you will have to spend  3-6 seconds, if you don’t use any shortcuts, on the other hand if you use shortcut then 1-2 seconds will be enough; it means you saved 2-4 seconds in opening an applications…so finally you will save a lot of time if you apply this to some of your favorite applications or actions. The layout of unity also encourage us to use keyboard shortcuts, because there is no bottom panel is available from which we can select the apps window in single mouse click, instead of that first we have to move the mouse to launcher’s location, then launcher will appear, now we can select the desired apps.

keyboard shortcuts

Okay, lets come to the point – learn some cool and best keyboard shortcuts (these are default shortcuts, if you want you can customize/configure out in your way) that you can use in Ubuntu 11.04 with unity Desktop (although some of them may works with Gnome desktop as well as in older versions of Ubuntu such as 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) or 10.04 LTS (Lucid Lynx)..just try (of course carefully) you will figure out in minutes).

Top 10 keyboard shortcuts for Ubuntu 11.04 Users

#1 : Ctrl+Alt+T => Opens a Terminal (Command Line or shell).

#2 : Super => Shows Unity Launcher (with Numbers indicated for each Apps) .       /* Super key => key with Windows Logo */

#3 : Super + {Number} => Opens corresponding Application (according to the number).       /* e.g Super+1 opens Home directory on my desktop */

#4 : Super+T => Opens Trash (Recycle Bin of Ubuntu).

#5 : Super+A => Opens the Application Lens.

#6 : Super+F => Opens the File and Folders Lens.

#7 : Alt+F2 => Run a command.

#8 : Alt+F1 =>Puts focus on a Launcher.

#9: Super+D => Minimizes or Restores all Windows

#10 : Ctrl+Alt+Numpad x => where

x = 0 : Maximizes the Window

x = 1, 2, 3….9 : Move the window to different location on the screen depending on the number, so focus on a window and try it.

I’ve explained only few simple keyboard shortcuts, if you know something extra then feel free to share with us – through comments!

unity-desktop-snapshot

how to install unity on Ubuntu 10.10-10.04

Unity is now the default shell interface used in Ubuntu 11.04, so Gnome is no more the default desktop on Ubuntu, but its applications are there. If you are using Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) or 10.04 (Lucid Lynx), then you may want to try Unity Desktop (shell). Unity has a lot of new and exciting features- so you must give it a try, if you don’t like it, then just come back to your favorite desktop – Gnome (2.3 or 3.0, Try Gnome 3 on Ubuntu 10.10-10.04) or KDE. Unity has a nice left panel bar, a launcher for your favorite Apps. Unity was first shipped with the Notebook edition (Now, desktop and notebook edition has been merged together, in version 11.04) of Ubuntu.

If you are using Ubuntu 10.10/10.04 for experimental purpose, then you can also try Ubuntu 11.04; on the other hand, just install Unity , with existing desktops like Gnome 2.3 or 3.0 or KDE. This post will explain, how to install Unity shell on Ubuntu 10.10 / 10.04 from command line (Don’t be panic, it’s a simple command, you just need to copy the command from this post and paste in terminal) /Shell.

unity-desktop-snapshot

Features of Unity

  • it’s simple to use
  • it has beautiful look and icons
  • Unity is specifically optimized for small and touch devices
  • A lot of 3D effects is enabled by default

Installing Unity on Ubuntu 10.10 – 10.04

Open Terminal (Hit CTRL+ALT+T) and type the following command(s), (followed by your login password; then enter yes, when you get an confirmation message).

sudo apt-get install unity

That’s All..Now, logout from the current session and select Unity desktop/shell at login prompt, and login again. Enjoy ..ubuntu with Unity..Let me know if you got any error while installing Unity, through comments.