Category Archives: Ubuntu 11.04

All about Ubuntu 11.04 – Natty Narwhal, Applications, Softwares, Tips and Tricks, How to guides.. and other stuffs related to Ubuntu 11.04.


how to install XFCE on Ubuntu 11.04

XFCE is a most popular lightweight desktop environment for Unix like operating systems such as GNU/Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD, Mac OS X etc. It is a free and open source software, consumes less resources then other desktops available for Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal) – such as Gnome 2.*, KDE etc. Xfce desktop comes along with some applications installed by default – e.g Thunar (File Manager), Midori (Web browser), Mousepad (Text Editor); that is very simple to use and provides pretty fast experience without consuming a lot of memory or other resources.

Why should you try XFCE ?

Ubuntu 11.04 uses ‘Unity’ desktop by default but if you are running ubuntu on a older hardware/computer or got tired with the slow performance of other desktops then Xfce is the right desktop for you. Since, Ubuntu has very modular structure you can install as many desktop as you want; it means you don’t need to go for Xbuntu distribution – The Xfce version of Ubuntu, if you are already using Ubuntu or any other flavor of Ubuntu. Xfce 4.8 is the latest stable version available, released in Jan 2011. You can install it either from command line or Synaptic Package Manager, and it works not only for ubuntu but also for other Linux distros such as Linux Mint, Fedora etc.


Installing XFCE Desktop on Ubuntu 11.04

step1 : Open terminal and type (You may need to authenticate yourself by login password):

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xfce4

step2 : Wait until the installation is complete. Next, logout from the current session and select Xfce session in login prompt.

step3 : That’s all.. Enjoy XFCE.. if you want to use other desktop then just select it at the login prompt.


Avast Antivirus for Ubuntu 11.04/11.10

Antivirus software for Ubuntu Users – is it optional ?

Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal) or 11.10 (Few alpha versions has arrived, the stable will be released after few months) or 10.10 or any Linux based distributions are very less prone to virus attacks or malwares, spywares (or any similar *wares). The reason is pretty straight forward – First Linux based operating systems are highly secure and the second reason is that Microsoft Windows (XP, Vista, 7 ..) has been the targeted systems for crackers / hackers or malicious programmers (may be due to the fact that most of the common users uses Microsoft Windows operating system).

Therefore, in general, you don’t need to install any antivirus software on Ubuntu; it’s OK!

Avast for Ubuntu 11.04/10.10/11.10..

I have tried avast antivirus on Window 7, it was really good, and its basic version is free for Windows as well as Linux based OS such as Ubuntu! For ubuntu there is another antivirus software called – ClamAV, a simple and effective antivirus application. Avast is a antivirus software program based on central scanning engine (ICSA Lab certified), although it is a proprietary software but the ‘Linux Home Edition’ is available for personal and non commercial uses (Pro version provides extended functionality and features (e.g Command Line Scanner) for some price), free of cost.


Anyway, if you want to try Avast then you need to download the debian package and install it – either from command line or using Ubuntu Software Center.

How to install Avast on Ubuntu (11.04/11.10/..)

step 1 : Download the debian package.

Download Free Avast Antivirus for Ubuntu

step 2 : Install the *.deb package by Right Click -> Open with Ubuntu Software Center, and click on install button and relax! or just enter the following command –

cd move_to_target_directory
sudo dpkg -i file_name.deb

step 3 : To start using avast antivirus software, You need to Register with avast to get a free license key (Don’t worry it’s free!). The license key will be delivered to your email address within 24 hours (usually withing a couple of hours).

step 4 : Start the program and enter the license key. That’s all!

System Requirements for ubuntu 11.04

system requirements for Ubuntu 11.04

Ubuntu 11.04 (or Natty Narwhal) or most of the Linux distribution has usually a lower hardware/system requirements as compare to Windows or Mac OS X, and of course Linux based operating systems are more compatible with older hardwares, so in general you don’t need to worry about these minimum hardware specifications and requirements, unless you are using a very old computer. Anyhow, before going to install Ubuntu 11.04 from USB or CD/DVD , you are recommended to check this minimum system requirements.

For Ubuntu 11.04 system requirements may vary depending on the need i.e the purpose for which you are using Ubuntu 11.04. Suppose, if you want to play games (heavy games which requires 3D acceleration..) then of course you would need much RAM as well as a dedicated graphics card such as Nvidia, ATI etc (i.e a separate GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) ), this will be true for similar other jobs which need high graphics capability. If so then get a best graphics card for Ubuntu Desktop.

System Requirements for ubuntu 11.04

Ubuntu 11.04/10.10/10.04 System requirements

The system requirements for Ubuntu 11.04 is same as compared to it’s predecessor 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) or 10.04 (Lucid Lynx),  although Unity may not be supported (or it will run with very poor performance, if that’s the case then switch to Gnome and turn off all those fancy desktop effects) in 3D mode on older computer with low graphics capability, in that case it will fall back to Unity in 2D Mode (or to Gnome in older versions of Ubuntu).

Minimum Hardware Requirements

  • 1 GHz Pentium or better processor (such as Dual Core, Core 2 Duo, i3, i5,i7… )
  • 384 MB of primary memory (RAM) although, at-least 512 MB is recommended
  • 5 GB of harddrive space but it would be better if you have more than 10GB (unless you are installing Ubuntu 11.04 , for testing or any specific purpose)
  • Either a CD/DVD drive or a USB (Universal Serial Bus) port (or both)
  • a Graphics Card if you want to use the Unity in 3D Mode, which is the default mode of Ubuntu 11.04, although it’s optional because you can still use Gnome 2.* efficiently by turning off the compiz or desktop effects which consumes a lot of resources
  • A monitor (CRT, LCD-TFT, LCD-LED or whatever) capable of displaying output at Resolution (Min) : 800×600
  • Internet Connection is not necessary but it’s recommended

That’s All.

Chrome 14 released

Best Browser for Ubuntu 11.04

Ubuntu 11.04 (code named as Natty Narwhal) is the latest version (Released few months ago) from the Canonical. This post is aimed to choose the best browser among the current web browsers available for Ubuntu 11.04. Ubuntu users typically use – Firefox (It’s installed by default on all versions of Ubuntu), Google Chrome, Opera, Chromium (almost similar to Chrome) for their common tasks such as – surfing, web Apps, web development etc.

So I’m going to help you in finding the best web browser for you (of course on Ubuntu platform it may vary on other Operating systems such as Windows or Mac OS X), based on your tasks and the way use it. The one simple truth is that – what is best for you? depends on a lot of other factors rather than few generic factors (that we will discuss here) so you can only decide the actual best stuffs for you and it’s not only with the browser but anything in your Life.

Best Web Browser for Surfing : Google Chrome

Google Chrome (Latest stable version is Chrome 12 ) is the best web browser but why ? Ok.. here are some points which makes Chrome a great web browser for internet surfers.

Chrome - The best Browser for Ubuntu

Why Google Chrome is Best for web surfing ?

  1. Chrome is the fastest web browser on Ubuntu.
  2. You can enjoy heavy surfing with a bunch of tab/windows open simultaneously (If you will do the same thing in other browser such as Firefox – then you will be pissed off).
  3. Chrome is the most stable browser on Ubuntu.
  4. It’s secure, in fact security has been the first preference in Google Chrome.
  5. It has a lot of useful and innovative features e.g Sync will store all your bookmarks in Google Cloud, you can access (go to Google Docs) and synchronize (just enter the Google Account login details) bookmarks, Themes, Password, Extensions, Apps etc. anywhere from this planet (I mean Earth, got it?).
  6. It supports modern web (web 2.0) standards and technology (such as HTML 5, CSS 3, OpenGL … ), so we can enjoy the next generation features and sites easily with Chrome.

Get Google Chrome for Ubuntu

Download Latest version of Google Chrome

Best Web Browser for Web Development : Mozilla Firefox

Firefox comes by default on Linux based distributions such as Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Fedora etc and Firefox is a very popular web browser but it has having hard time on Linux platform. Firefox rocks on Windows but if we compare the same version on Ubuntu, you might say that – it’s horrible. Despite of providing poor performance on GNU/Linux, Firefox is very extensible. A lot of exclusive plugins available for Firefox users makes it very popular among web developers. The latest version Firefox 5 is available now for Ubuntu 10.10/11.04 users.


how to install phpmyadmin on ubuntu 11.04/10.10

phpMyAdmin is a MySQL web administration tool, which allow us to administrate MySQL database in graphical interface (from your browser) and available for Ubuntu 11.04 (natty narwhal) or 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) or 10.04 (Lucid Lynx) or any other Linux distros. Since phpMyAdmin is written in PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor (Surprised! it’s a recursive acronym), The most popular scripting language, used for server side processing); of course it’s an open source (and Free!) and cross platform application, so you can also use it on Windows NT based operating system such as Windows XP or 7; or Mac OS X.

phpMyAdmin is specially useful for beginners because it allows them to create, modify, delete or update – tables, field and rows, users permissions and settings etc in much simpler (as compared to command line interface) way. For Ubuntu phpmyadmin is the best (probably) tool for managing and controlling MySQL database.


What You can do with phpMyAdmin ?

  • browse databases and tables
  • “create, copy, rename, alter and drop” tables and databases
  • perform table maintenance
  • execute SQL statements/queries
  • manage MySQL users and privileges
  • search globally in databases
  • create and read dumps of tables or databases …

Installing phpMyAdmin on Ubuntu 10.04/10.10/11.04

Open Terminal (CTRL+ALT+T) and type the following command(s) to install phpMyAdmin (on your computer running Ubuntu or other debian based Linux distribution). Remember you need to install MySQL and Apache first, see there – installing mysql on ubuntu 11.04 or install Apache server on ubuntu. or installing php on ubuntu; more simply install the LAMP (Linux+Apache+MySQL+PHP) package from synaptic package manager. Then phpmyadmin : –

sudo apt-get install phpmyadmin

Alternative Method : Open Synaptic package manager, search for ‘phpmyadmin’, check the box for installation and click on Apply button (don’t forget to select yes for dependencies, I mean dependent libraries or program) to install the selected programs.

Login to phpMyAdmin to start administrating MySQL

Open any browser such as Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox and type the following URL in the address bar (or click here )


Then, you will get a window like this –


Next, enter the login information – i.e MySQL username and password

>> ‘root’ as username

>> ‘password’ as the password that you entered while installing MySQL

That’s all..Now you are ready to rock with phpMyAdmin.

Recommended References :

Read official Documentation about phpMyAdmin