Tag Archives: shortcuts

ubuntu-12-04-keyboard-shortcuts

Keyboard Shortcuts for Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin) has released with a lot of new changes and improvements specially – if you look at Unity Desktop – it’s Cool! :-). Unity is the default window manager (Desktop) in Ubuntu 12.04, so this post explains about the keyboard shortcuts in Unity desktop.

A lot of power users has claimed about the loss of productivity due to this Unity or Gnome shell interface. It seems true because nerd hate changes, but good thing is that – if you give Unity Desktop a try – with the shortcuts and new features then you may have to withdraw your previous conclusions about the Unity (and Ubuntu).

Keyboard shortcuts for Ubuntu 12.04 (with Unity Desktop)

ubuntu-12-04-keyboard-shortcuts

To display the shortcuts – just hit the Super Key (or Windows key) for a while and you would get the list of shortcuts (as in above screenshot).

Keyboard Shortcuts for Ubuntu 12.04 (with Gnome Shell Desktop)

Although, most of the shortcuts are same as above (except the HUD and Launcher shortcuts) – because both are based on Gnome 3 but you can checkout my previous post about Gnome Shell Keyboard Shortcuts.

Note : Don’t forget to try HUD using Alt key. It’s a new feature added in 12.04 Unity desktop.

gnome-shell-keyboard-shortcuts

Top 10 GNOME Shell Keyboard Shortcuts

GNOME 3 – The Next Generation Desktop is optimized for speed and productivity. If you haven’t installed the Gnome Shell in Ubuntu 11.10, then you must give it a try – because by default you are using the unity interface of Gnome 3 instead of Gnome Shell (Latest Version : 3.2). Gnome 3 has arrived with lot of exciting and innovative features that you can expect from a modern desktop. This post is dedicated to provide some cool keyboard shortcuts – which will further help you in maximizing the speed as well as in customization.

The keyboard shortcuts will work not only with Ubuntu 11.10 but also with other Linux distributions running Gnome3. I’ve already covered a post about unity keyboard shortcuts in Ubuntu 11.10, but this will focus on Gnome Shell (although some shortcuts may be common for both).

Top 10 most useful Keyboard shortcuts for Gnome Shell

  1. Alt+Tab : Pop Up Application Switcher
  2. Alt+Shift+Tab : Similar to above but in reverse order
  3. Alt+F2 : Pop up command dialog, typically helpful for launching apps
  4. Alt+F2 then type ‘r‘ and hit Enter to reload Gnome Shell Theme
  5. Alt+F1 or System Key (Windows Key) : overview of desktop (same when you slide the mouse to top left corner (Hot Corner))
  6. Ctrl+Alt+Tab : Pop up Accessibility switcher
  7. Ctrl+Shift+Alt+R : Start and end screencast recording
  8. Ctrl+Alt+Up/Down Arrow key : Used to switch between workspaces
  9. Ctrl+Alt+Shift+Up/Down Arrow key : Moves the current window to a different workspace
  10. Ctrl+Enter : Launch a shell command in new Terminal window

How to add a custom Keyboard Shortcut ?

gnome-shell-keyboard-shortcuts

Go to System Settings -> Keyboard -> Shortcuts to view the existing shortcuts or to add one or edit the existing one as you want.

ubuntu-1110-keyboard-shortcuts-wallpaper

Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot) Keyboard Shortcuts for Unity

Ubuntu 11.10 has unity as the default window manager; based on Gnome 3. In Ubuntu 11.10, you would notice a lot of improvements in Unity (simply, it has evolved! I didn’t like unity on 11.04 but on 11.10, I’m loving it, despite of the fact that Gnome is my most favorite Desktop (classic as well as shell interface)).

That’s why, I’ve written this post to explain some of the basic shortcuts of unity desktop, specifically for beginner users; most of the shortcuts I’ll write here, are already available in system settings ->keyboard, where you can define your own keyboard shortcuts or just edit/customize the existing shortcuts. I’ve already covered some of the unity related Ubuntu 11.04 keyboard shortcuts , only few of them has changed.

16 Most useful keyboard shortcuts for Ubuntu 11.10 users (beginner)

  1. Ctrl + Alt + t : Opens the Terminal
  2. Ctrl + Alt + L : Lock the screen
  3. Ctrl + Alt + Delete : Logout from the current session
  4. Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right/Up/Down : To change workspace [e.g hit Ctrl+Alt+Right (Arrow Key) for moving to right workspace]
  5. Shift + Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right/Up/Down : To move windows to different workspaces [e.g Shift+Ctrl+Alt+Down will move the selected window to down workspace]
  6. Super : focus on Unity Launcher (left panel), with some unique number for each Apps [super key is the one with window logo]
  7. Super + {n} ; where n = 0 1 2..9 : it will launch the corresponding Application
  8. Super + t : Opens trash program
  9. Super + d : toggle between the All Windows Minimize/Restore state
  10. Super + s : shows you – the all available workspaces, it has the same action as if you click on workspace icon in launcher.
  11. Alt + Tab : Switch Applications
  12. Alt + F4 : Close the window
  13. Alt + Space : Activate the window menu
  14. Alt + F7 : Move Window
  15. Alt + F8 : Resize Window
  16. Alt + F2 : Opens the run command dialog

Download Ubuntu 11.10 Keyboard shortcuts wallpaper

Here is a default wallpaper of Ubuntu, with some keyboard shortcuts (edited by me; to download the wallpaper, click on the image below and right click -> save) –

ubuntu-1110-keyboard-shortcuts-wallpaper
wallpaper with keyboard shortcuts

Setting Up your own custom Keyboard Shortcuts

Go to system settings -> keyboard ->Custom Shortcuts , and click on + button to add one.

keyboard-shortcuts-ubuntu-1110

The keyboard shortcuts I’ve described above are few most commonly used shortcuts, if you have some new shortcuts to share – then please consider sharing with us – through comment(s). Have Fun!! :-)

keyboard shortcuts

Ubuntu 11.04 keyboard shortcuts

Ubuntu is the most popular Linux desktop, the latest version ubuntu 11.04 (code name : Natty Narwhal) has arrived a month ago with a lot of changes, modification and surprises (such as Unity is now the default desktop in Ubuntu). If you’ve been using Ubuntu from long time then upgrading to Ubuntu 11.04, may not be a good idea as Unity is almost different and so you have to customize and learn new tricks as well as keyboard and mouse shortcuts for better experience.

Unity desktop has removed the bottom panel, which is helpful in accessing opened windows and other running applications, instead of that – it has a left panel  – Launcher (with auto hide features) seem almost similar to Dock Application but with some different functionality and 3D effects.

Why should you try keyboard shortcuts in Ubuntu?

Although an average computer user do not use shortcuts a lot but shortcuts can improve (a lot) the experience with Ubuntu (or any other Linux based distribution because all are 100% customizable) and it will also save a lot of time and effort, eventually resulting in better productivity. That’s the importance of keyboard shortcuts. Let’s consider an example – to open a terminal you will have to spend  3-6 seconds, if you don’t use any shortcuts, on the other hand if you use shortcut then 1-2 seconds will be enough; it means you saved 2-4 seconds in opening an applications…so finally you will save a lot of time if you apply this to some of your favorite applications or actions. The layout of unity also encourage us to use keyboard shortcuts, because there is no bottom panel is available from which we can select the apps window in single mouse click, instead of that first we have to move the mouse to launcher’s location, then launcher will appear, now we can select the desired apps.

keyboard shortcuts

Okay, lets come to the point – learn some cool and best keyboard shortcuts (these are default shortcuts, if you want you can customize/configure out in your way) that you can use in Ubuntu 11.04 with unity Desktop (although some of them may works with Gnome desktop as well as in older versions of Ubuntu such as 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) or 10.04 LTS (Lucid Lynx)..just try (of course carefully) you will figure out in minutes).

Top 10 keyboard shortcuts for Ubuntu 11.04 Users

#1 : Ctrl+Alt+T => Opens a Terminal (Command Line or shell).

#2 : Super => Shows Unity Launcher (with Numbers indicated for each Apps) .       /* Super key => key with Windows Logo */

#3 : Super + {Number} => Opens corresponding Application (according to the number).       /* e.g Super+1 opens Home directory on my desktop */

#4 : Super+T => Opens Trash (Recycle Bin of Ubuntu).

#5 : Super+A => Opens the Application Lens.

#6 : Super+F => Opens the File and Folders Lens.

#7 : Alt+F2 => Run a command.

#8 : Alt+F1 =>Puts focus on a Launcher.

#9: Super+D => Minimizes or Restores all Windows

#10 : Ctrl+Alt+Numpad x => where

x = 0 : Maximizes the Window

x = 1, 2, 3….9 : Move the window to different location on the screen depending on the number, so focus on a window and try it.

I’ve explained only few simple keyboard shortcuts, if you know something extra then feel free to share with us – through comments!