Mozilla Firefox is one of the most popular web browser on the Planet, it’s a free and open source browser, available for all platforms. In Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin), Firefox comes installed by default (it’s also true for most GNU/Linux distributions).
In last few years – Google Chrome has also become very popular. For Ubuntu users there are lot of open source web browsers available such as – Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Chromium (The base project, on which the Chrome is based on), Midori, Konqueror Browser (Default browser for KDE based distributions), Opera etc.
So what’s your most favorite browser in Ubuntu [12.04] or similar Linux distro such as Linux Mint, Kubuntu, Xubuntu etc ? Firefox, Chrome or what ? VOTE for your primary browser – the one you use often, more than any other browsers.
Note :It’s is a very old article comparing the two popular browser Firefox and Chrome. Lots of things have changed since and Now, I may not agree with my past self. And, I recommend Mozilla Firefox, for an open Web. It’s the browser that respects user’s privacy and freedom.
Mozilla Firefox vs 5.0 is the latest version released on 21th of this month. Google has also released (on 7th of this month) the newer version of Google Chrome i.e chrome vs 12.0 (beta version of chrome 13.0 is available but stable will be released later). Both of the browsers now uses rapid development cycle so we will get fresher version within next two to three months. In the end of this post, I’ve attached a poll for your opinion, so don’t forget to get your opinion counted, select the browser that you think is the best one.
As you know, Firefox and Chrome, both are free and open source web browsers. Google has developed chrome from another open source project – ‘chromium’ while Firefox has evolved from the earliest graphical web browser – Netscape Navigator. Both of the browsers are dominating the browser market, both are good and supports a number of features; despite of that, this post aims to compare some innovative features of both from different point of view such as – features, performance, stability, security, speed etc. After all, these are just my opinion, if you think something is wrong or you don’t except it, feel free to express it through comment(s).
Firefox 5.0 versus Chrome 12.0 – which is better ?
#1 Features :
Firefox 5 has arrived with lot of changes and features such as ‘Do not track’, which allows users to control – how their behavior and data are being tracked or used on the internet. Firefox 5.0 has focused on adding social and useful features (such as PDF Viewer, Sync etc,) related to common desktop users that was already available in its competitor web browsers such as Chrome. Features can be easily added by means of plugins – and Firefox has a number of useful plugins available free to use.
Important features of Firefox 5.0
Do not Track
social sharing options
small home icon
colored search (engine) bars
improved sync feature
multiple account login
On the other hand Google chrome has also added a lot of new and exciting features in vs 12.0. It has already most of the features implemented, what Firefox got now, Google has continuously trying to add cutting edge – innovative features to chrome. eg HTML 5 performance/support, hardware accelerated 3D CSS (which allow developers to create better animation effects in the browser, e.g in browser based games) etc. Plugins are available but the number is very less and it’s not so useful as compare to Firefox, despite of having better plugin architecture than Firefox. Firefox Wins in this case.
Some important features include –
malicious file download protection
hardware accelerated 3D css support
improved screen reader support
#2 Performance :
Firefox performs well in Windows and Mac based OS but it sucks when it comes to Linux based operating system, After the major release of Firefox (I mean after version 4.0), we expected better performance on Linux distros such as Ubuntu or Fedora, but things got bad, surely it’s not better than before. If you will use any plugin, then the performance is extremely bad.
On the other hand, Google Chrome rocks on Linux based OS as well as on Windows and Mac. The performance is quite well as compared to Firefox, on Ubuntu or other Linux based operating system. Chrome Wins!
#3 Stability :
Firefox often hangs if a number of tabs is open (specially on GNU/Linux) wile Chrome is stable. So Google Chrome is far stable than Firefox. Chrome wins in this case.
#4 Security :
Both are secure but chrome had added some special features to protect users from downloading malwares or other infected files. Firefox seems better!
#5 Speed :
Firefox has improved speed a lot, because speed is the most dominant factor while choosing the browser for common purposes. Firefox supports HTTP pipelining which can improve the browsers speed a lot but it may cause instability, while chrome doesn’t support this. Google Chrome is fast from the beginning! Google chrome has added some advanced functionality such as Pre DNS fetching (The links pointed (from the current page) to other domain names are resolved before the user clicks on that link), Loading pages before the completion of URL in address bar etc, to improve the surfing speed. Chrome Wins!
Opera is a popular web browser, developed by opera Software. Opera web browser is very popular among small devices such as mobile phones, but this post is based on the desktop version of opera web browser. Opera web browser is available free under proprietary license (with some open source components), for all common operating systems such as GNU/Linux distros (e.g Ubuntu 11.04/10.10.., Linux Mint, Fedora, OpenSuse etc), Windows 7, Mac OS X, FreeBSD.
Ubuntu users primarily uses Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox, but Opera is also a good choice, specifically if you have used or just give it a try (Just for Fun!), you might like some new and exciting features in Opera 11.10 – the latest version of Opera for Linux Distributions. A special features named – ‘Opera Turbo’ seems impressing because it allow you to browse five times faster (5x, it seems cool) than the normal after enabling the opera turbo mode (You can switch to/from Opera Turbo Mode in single click, using the turbo button at bottom of the browser); specifically developed for the users who surf with slower internet connection. In this post, you will learn – how to install opera 11.10 on your freshly installed Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal), using Ubuntu Software Center or command line/shell/terminal.
Installing Opera on Ubuntu 11.04
#1 : Download the debian package ‘opera_11.10.2092_i386.deb’.
#2 : Now, open the downloaded package with Ubuntu Software Center (Right click on the file and select Open with Ubuntu Software Center), then click on install button to start the installation procedure. …..Wait for the installation to complete.
#3 : That’s All..Now go to menu (Top left corner) and search for ‘opera’ to start surfing with Opera.
Alternate way : From Terminal
Open Terminal (CTRL+ALT+T) and enter the commands, probably followed by your login password.
Google has just released the next version of chrome – 10.0 (Although 11.0 beta has also released,so you can try that if you want) and it is available for download, of course for all platforms – Linux based OS like Linux Mint 10/9(LMDE),Ubuntu,Debian,Open Suse etc,Windows and Mac.
Google has released the chrome 10,on the other hand its competitor I.E(Internet Explorer) has also released its next version 9.0 and Firefox has also released version 4.0, few days back. In other words, a battle between the browsers has begun. Firefox has the most share but Chrome’s share is increasing exponentially(what about I.E dude ? sorry! I just don’t like it; I use Firefox for web development/experiment, while chrome(which I consider the next generation web browser) for surfing the internet).
Google has developed chrome based on the open source project- Chromium, but some advanced features has been added in Chrome like – Pre DNS Fetching (to improve page load performance), Prediction service etc. The preferences/options window is now integrated to the tab itself (instead of opening a new separate window). The web-surfing experience with chrome, is very pleasant because it’s incredibly fast. Linux Mint has Firefox installed by default so in this post you will learn how to install Google Chrome on Linux Mint 10/9.
Linux Mint 10 has also released few weeks ago and it’s the latest version on Mint. Since Linux Mint is based on Debian so You can install the same package as you do for Ubuntu.
Installing Google Chrome in Linux Mint
#1 : Download the Chrome’s Debian Package (*.deb) from its official website. Select the correct architecture(or leave it default if you don’t know, because it might be detected automatically; if so then just relax) from the menu.
#2 : Move (use CD command if you are using terminal/shell) to the location/directory where you have saved the file, and install it either by opening with gdebi package installer or software center or from command line by typing these commands (I assume your current working directory is the one, where you have saved the debian file, and architecture is 386(most common) so it may change if you are having different architecture; you may have to enter the current user login password to proceed for installation) –
Mozilla Firefox 4(Final Version) has Released after a long series of beta releases/experiment. Ubuntu 10.10(Maverick Meerkat)/10.04 or 11.04 users can now(Beta versions were not available officially) install the latest version of Firefox(i.e 4.0) in a couple of clicks.
Firefox 4 has arrived with a lot of changes and improvements. Firefox version 3.x had a bad record(I was using Google Chrome on my desktop(with Ubuntu 10.10) from the past one year) with Ubuntu or any other Linux based operating systems; but Firefox 4 seems pretty fast ..and I think it will surely increase the Firefox usage share on Linux distros(like Ubuntu,Linux Mint(10),Fedora(14),Open Suse etc) along with a better reputation.
The new Add ons Manager of Firefox 4 is very impressive; the tabbing experience also seems good. The Home icon has shifted to upper right corner,by default. Here is two snapshots –
Add ons Manager –
how to install Firefox 4 in Ubuntu 10.10
First of all you are recommended to remove the older version of firefox(probably 3.x). In synaptic package manager search for firefox and mark the box for removal.Wait for few minutes until the package is removed; then follow the steps given below –
step #1 : Open Synaptic Package Manager and add the Firefox PPA to the software resources. Go to Settings->Repositories->Other Software and click on Add button; enter this ppa address –
step #2 : Click on reload button to update the software Repository information.
step #3 : Now,search for ‘firefox 4’ and mark the check box for installation.
step #4 : Next, click on Apply button to begin installation. Then wait for the installation to complete.That’s all!