Category Archives: Ubuntu 12.04

gedit with gmate plugin

Most Powerful text editors for Ubuntu (12.04 LTS)

Ubuntu is the most popular GNU/Linux distribution among the desktop users – including the common users as well as developers. If you’re a programmer who prefer light weight and efficient text editor over the bloated and heavy IDEs then you may want to try some of these text editors (if you haven’t really tried). Text editors are great!, specially if you’re programming in a cool language like Ruby or Python.

So, if you’re new to Ubuntu and looking for some great text editors that will boost your long-term productivity and happiness, then you should certainly checkout Emacs or Vim.

Free and Open Source Text Editors for Ubuntu and other GNU/Linux distributions

#1. Emacs

Emacs is the most sophisticated text editor on this planet – it’s powerful and extensible enough to work with any language or environment. Core program was written by Richard Stallman, in Lisp programming language. Since – it’s a free and open source software – you are free to use it as you want. Emacs is a real time text editor, although the learning curve is very steep in beginning but it’s worth learning due to the long term productivity gain. Programmers and Authors often prefer command line interface for distraction free environment and Emacs is really good for that.

Key Features 

  • very extensible
  • very powerful
  • highly productive (as it maximizes the use of keyboard)
  • light weight, fast and efficient

#2. Vim

Vim is another great – text editor which is very powerful and extensible (by means of plugins/scripts – you can easily find on github). A lot of derived distributions of Vim is available for different domains. Vim is the most favorite text editor among Ruby on Rails developers and authors who prefer terminal or GUI, Although GUI version of Vim i.e gVim is also available. Vim also maximize the use of keystrokes and keyboard shortcuts – so it’s really fast and productive as compare to IDEs or other text editors, but certainly the learning curve is steep.

If you are new to Vim, then you can learn some basics of editing by running the vimtutor program (installed along with the vim programs). Open the terminal and type –

vimtutor

key features

  • highly productive
  • light weight, fast and efficient
  • cool plugins to extend its features
  • wide community to help you

#3. gedit

gedit the default text editor for Gnome based GNU/Linux distributions such as Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Fedora and so on. gedit is well known for its simplicity – although windows users can think it like the notepad for Linux but infact it’s far more powerful than the Damn notepad.

gedit with gmate plugin

Key features

  • simplicity
  • easy to learn (anyone can start using it in seconds)
  • supports a lot of file types
  • syntax highlighting for a number of programming language
  • cool plugins to add extra features

gedit is very popular among beginner ubuntu users because it’s very easy to get started. gedit is suitable for simple text files as well as for writing programs. it has a lot of cool features which makes it a great text editor.

#4. kate

Kate is a gedit like text editor for KDE desktop. it has almost similar features like gedit. Kate is very popular among KDE users. A wide active community is there to help you in learning new things and increasing productivity in long term.

#5. nano

nano is a simplae, lightweight and easy to use – command line text editor. It’s installed by default in most of the GNU/Linux distributions. nano emphasizes on simplicity and ease of use. So if you want a text editor on shell (local or remote) then nano may be a great choice for you (specially if you don’t know Vim or Emacs).

mac-os-x-theme

Mac OS X Theme for Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin) got Ambiance Theme is default – and for any reason if you’re not satisfied and want to try some thing new then this post will certainly help you in that.

There are lot of popular Windows/GTK themes and icon themes for Ubuntu 12.04 – you can also checkout this – Top 10 collection of Gnome 3 themes but this post is all about a free Gnome 3 theme – that mimics the look and layout of Mac OS X.

appearance_of_mac + performance_of_ubuntu => great_experience! :)

So, the look of mac, on Ubuntu seems to be a good deal. In early version of Ubuntu, macbuntu was great (but it has not been updated for a while) but it doesn’t support the ubuntu greater than 10.10. It was a a complete transformation pack, not just some icons and themes. Adwaita Cupertino – is a great theme, that will give you a Mac like look on Ubuntu 12.04. It has two versions – one for Mac Leopard while other one for Lion. You can use it on Gnome Shell or Unity.

Adwaita Cupertino Theme – Mac OS X Theme for Ubuntu 12.04

mac-os-x-theme

Thanks to trastes for the great work!

Change Gnome themes

How to Install GNOME Themes in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS uses Unity as the default Desktop Environment, which is based on Gnome 3. So Gnome 3 themes (window themes + GTK themes) works well in Unity as well as Gnome shell environment. You can manage themes in both environment using Gnome shell (of course some options will not be useful in Unity but there is a dedicated application for Unity Desktop – MyUnity).

The tutorial explains installing WIndow/GTK themes as well as about icon themes (although some icons/themes are available via PPA).

Installing Gnome 3 Themes in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

#1. Download && Extract the theme packages you want to install.

Download Zukitwo Theme

Then extract the archive and select the theme directories. such as Zukito, Zukito-Dark etc.

installing Gnome themes

#2. Move the selected theme directories to ~/.themes directory.

#3. Then start the Gnome Tweak Tool or MyUnity Application. If you haven’t install any of theme (Learn more about the Ubuntu 12.04 Tweaking Tools) – then execute –

change-theme-from-MyUnity

sudo apt-get install myunity

or install Gnome Tweak Tool or Advanced Gnome Settings (if you prefer Gnome Shell) utility –

sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool

Change Gnome themes

Now, the select the theme – windows + GTK theme – Zukito or whatever theme you are installing – should be listed there. It will instantly update the theme.

Installing Gnome 3 Icons Themes in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

If you want to install Faenza or Faience Theme then the best way to install – is to install it from the PPA.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tiheum/equinox
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install faenza-icon-theme

Installing Other Icon Themes (not available through PPA)

Just like Gnome 3 themes, First Download the icon theme (Faenza Cupertino Icon Theme) – Then copy the icon directory (extracted) to ~/.icons and select the icon theme from MyUnity or Gnome Tweak Tool.

Eclipse IDE

Programming IDEs for Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin)

IDE or Integrated Development Environment provides a sophisticated development environment with lot of features and automation of various boring tasks (although I’m not sure about that – IDE itself is very boring). Although, in most of the cases a powerful text editor like Vim or Emacs would be better option but sometimes it’s good to have IDE specially if you’re dealing with very complicated stuffs. e.g Android Development without Eclipse would be much painful.

So, here is the list of some popular and powerful IDE that may be useful for you. Some of them are heavy while some are lightweight IDE (and provides all features without compromising with the speed and simplicity).

IDEs for Java/Android Programmers

Eclipse IDE

Eclipse

Eclipse is a great IDE, with a lot of features and provides a versatile platform. So if you’re a Java programmer or want to develop native applications for Android (using Java, because there are other ways to develop applications for Android Platform) – Eclipse is the best option.

Setting up Eclipse on Ubuntu 12.04

Netbeans

Netbeans IDE

Netbeans is another great IDE with lot of features, and it’s a good IDE for Java/C/C++/PHP developers. It supports a variety of languages and a lot of free plugins are available to extend the default features. It’s fast, simple and good for beginner Java programmers, learning curve is not so steep like Eclipse.

Install Netbeans (version 7)

sudo apt-get install netbeans

IDEs for C/C++ programmers

kdevelop-IDE

Although, Eclipse is also good fr C/C++ but Kdevelop is much better for C/C++. It’s lightweight (as compared to Eclipse), fast and it does provide a lot of cool features for C/C++ developers. it has wide variety of powerful tools and it’s highly customizable.
Install KDevelop IDE in Ubuntu 12.04

sudo apt-get install kdevelop

Netbeans and Eclipse, is also good for C/C++, you just need to install the required plugins (only in eclipse).

IDEs for Web Developers

If you are a web developer then you might consider using Geany – a light weight IDE that just works.

geany-ide-snapshot

Install Geany

sudo apt-get install geany

For HTML/CSS/JAVASCRIPT

Eclipse also has plugins for web programming, but if you want a full featured dedicated IDE for HTML/CSS/JS then try Bluefish Editor.

bluefish-editor-snapshot

Install Bluefish Editor

sudo apt-get install bluefish

For PHP

Use Kdevelop or Netbeans, they good support for PHP. In KDevelop, if you want to use PHP then install the php plugin –

sudo apt-get install kdevelop-php

For Ruby on Rails

Try Aptana Studio – it is also available as a plugin for Eclipse – so if you’ve already installed eclipse then go for that (for installation instruction, checkout the above link for setting up eclipse).

For Python –

IDLE – is a good IDE for python developers.
Install IDLE using Python 2.7

sudo apt-get install idle-python2.7

If you want to use Python 3.2 then

sudo apt-get install idle-python3.2
ubuntu-12-04 with unity

Getting Started with Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin)

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Long Term Support, official support for 5 years, good for stable experience), code named as Precise Pangolin (Code Name) has released. If you’re new to Ubuntu or may be you’re totally new to GNU/Linux environment (coming from Windows or Mac OS X) and wondering how to get things done, this post might help you a lot in getting started on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS.

Why Ubuntu ?

Ubuntu is a free and open operating system (such as Windows or Mac (for the sake of understanding)). Since Ubuntu is a free software, so it means you’re free to experiment with it (which is probably illegal in any proprietary operating systems such as Windows or Mac), share it or do whatever you want, no one cares. So first of all remove all the fear – it’s an open world (for open minded) where freedom is the most important thing so you can customize/tweak/modify/change the Ubuntu as you want – there are no limitation, source code is also available, so it means that the only limit is your imagination.

ubuntu-12-04 with unity

Getting Started with Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

12.04 LTS is the latest stable version. If you haven’t download it yet, then

If you’re a developer (web or mobile) then might want to checkout these links –

NOTE : I will be adding some more stuffs later, and also an ebook for beginner ubuntu users.