speed up wordpress

How to setup wordpress on Ubuntu 12.04 Server (VPS)

It’s a step by step guide for setting up wordpress on a vanila server (e.g Digital Ocean, don’t know about it? then read Digital Ocean VPS Review) running Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (latest LTS release, recommended for server). With, most of the VPS providers, you can deploy GNU/Linux distribution from their control panel itself, after that, everything will done over the ssh connection.

setting up wordpress

Step 1. Setting up the server

ssh into the server and create a user (as it’s not a good idea to use root account).

ssh root@vps_ip_address
apt-get -y update
adduser user_name --ingroup sudo

Now, logout from the current session and login again with the user newly created above.

exit
ssh user_name@vps_ip_address

Install the web server – Apache (you could also choose nginx)

sudo apt-get install apache2

Now, create a virtual host –
In this tutorial I’ll be using nano editor (a light-weight command line editor) So, if it’s not already installed – then install it using sudo apt-get install nano.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/example.com

and add this contents (change few things according to your need such as domain name, user_name)

Then enable the virtual host,

sudo a2ensite example.com
sudo service apache2 reload

Step 2. Installing Dependencies (PHP, MySQL)

During installation process, you will be asked to provide password for MySQL root account.

sudo apt-get install mysql-server
sudo apt-get install php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-mysql

For image manipulation, wordpress uses php-gd library, so you need to install that as well,

sudo apt-get install php5-gd

You may have to enable rewrite mod for apache2, to do that simply type :

sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo service apache2 restart

Step 3. Creating Database

Login with MySQL root account and create the required users and databases (you need to remember these details for wp-config.php)

mysql -u root -p
create database DBNAME;
grant all on DBNAME.* to DB_USER@localhost identified by 'password';
exit

Step 4. Installing WordPress

Download the latest version of wordpress and extract its content.

cd ~
wget http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz
tar -xzvf latest.tar.gz

For simplicity, you can rename the wordpress directory to something like – your domain name e.g example.com.

mv wordpress example.com

Now, you can manually edit the wp-config.php file or go through the automated installation process (just visit the URL, I assume you have setup DNS correctly, or use IP address instead).

cd example.com
nano wp-config-sample.php

Then add the database details and random strings for session tokens etc and save the file (Ctrl+x, y). Now, rename the file.

mv wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php

That’s set, you’ve successfully installed wordpress, visit the URL/IP_ADDRESS and create the admin user.

Moving your Blog ?

If you’re moving your old wordpress blog to a new server, then you also need to copy wp-contents directory (from the old one to new server, it’s the directory – that holds your images, themes and plugins). Besides that you will also have to export/import database contents. Use your server control panel or a tool like PHPMyAdmin (which is usually installed on all shared hosting providers) to export your database contents in *.sql format.

I assume you already have an exported database file (*.sql), So you can easily import it, on new server using the single command –

mysql -h localhost -u DB_USER -p DB_NAME < db_backup.sql

Note : If you have any problem during installation, then leave a comment here, we’ll try to figure it out!

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Oth-TaecYeon/1081826418 Oth TaecYeon

    Thanks for the guide, will keep this bookmarked

  • devendermahto

    can i use this wordpress from any remote pc like i started my server and configured the wordpress site on my vps acc. to this post then it is possible to use this blog from anywhere on the globe(ineternet)
    and reply me devendermahto@gmail.com

  • Simran Singh

    Hi Buddy

    I am moving my wordpress site from Shared environment to Digital ocean. I completed all things but at ;last its redirecting to my site(www.####.com) from the server ip address because the links in the database is redirecting. Currently I haven’t changes the DOmain Name servers. But few of the pages of wordrpess are showing blank white pages… What’s the issue..

    Is there anything you can suggest?

    THanks