For Desktop Experience : Ubuntu is the best Linux Distro
Ubuntu : A quick Introduction
Ubuntu is an operating system based on Debian GNU/Linux distribution and it is distributed as Open Source and Free software although some extra proprietary software is also mixed.It is released under the free software license such as GNU GPL(General Public License) and GNU LGPL(Lesser General Public License) so the users are free to run,copy,distribute,learn,develop,change,improve the software.Ubuntu is sponsored by Canonical,a private company founded by Mark Shuttleworth in order to promote Free Software projects.
OS-family : Unix Type
Initial Release : October 20,2004
Latest Releases(Stable) : Ubuntu 10.04 LTS(Code Named : Lucid Lynx) released on April 29,2010.
Latest Releases(Unstable): Ubuntu 10.10 Alpha on First week of June 2010.
Upcoming Version :Ubuntu 10.10(Code Named : Maverick Meerkat) will be released on October 10,2010.
Update Method : APT
Package Manager : DPKG and Synaptic
Kernel Type : Monolithic
Default Graphical User Interface(Desktop) : GNOME
Top Features of Ubuntu 10.04 LTS(Lucid Lynx)
* Ubuntu 10.04 includes mozilla Firefox version 3.6.3,for safe and fast browsing.Although you can also use other open source browsers like Google Chrome,Midori and others.
*Personal and profesional Documents,presentations,PDF’s can be easily created by using powerful application -OpenOffice.org,an easy to use free and open source software with Nice user interface and a lot of features.
*In Ubuntu 10.04 ,you can easily install any other supported free open source softwares in a single click by using Ubuntu Software Center OR Synaptic Package Manager.All the FOSS(Free and Open Source Software) are categorized well like Education,games,Graphics,Programming,System,Science and Engineering,Internet,Office,Sound & Video and so on…(with the appropriate subcategory);this helps in finding the software more quickly.Hence software management became very simple in ubuntu 10.04.
*E-mail and Chatting can be done with Evolution Mail and Empathy IM(that is installed by default),although you can also install other popular mail client Mozilla Thunderbird and for chatting Skype is also good.For microblogging an excellent application – Gwibber is already installed.
*Editing,viewing and managing photos is now very simple in ubuntu because an application F-spot is installed by default,which enable you to organize photos much effectively.First connect your cameras or phones to download the pictures then F-spot and other sharing tools like Picasa,Flickr will do the rest of your work.
*Play,edit and make videos with Movie player and Pitivi Video software,which is installed by default.You can install other popular media player VLC player from ubuntu software center in single click.
*Fast Booting Speed is surely,one of the greatest features of ubuntu 10.04.Ubuntu 10.04 takes very less time to load on any computer and very-very less time on newer computers.You can also further increase the speed of applications by allocating more memory or by changing preferences.For more details-Speed Up Ubuntu.
*A lot of(More than hundreds) Free open source games are available for ubuntu 10.04.just Go to Ubuntu Software Center->game and install whatever you want;OR search in Synaptic package Manager.
Read More about the Features of Ubuntu 10.04